Each direction has its own characteristics, sometimes some have common features and properties. However, this does not apply to the currents under consideration: they are absolutely the opposite.
What distinguishes modernism from realism? First of all, the topic is different. In modernism, the authors convey their feelings, a personal view of life. In realism, artists touch upon important life themes. In the first place they do not have their own feelings, but the transfer of typical situations. Personality is inextricably linked with society. In modernism, the artist is able to change the world as he pleases. No matter what social phenomena occur around.
If we consider the fine arts, then a comparison of realism and modernism shows how different they are from each other. In an earlier direction, artists show life as it is. In modernism, however, the vision is not described, but the author’s view is expressed. Reality is not copied, like a photograph. Artists use new methods for drawing pictures: various shapes, symbols, and so on.