In the work “The Captain’s Daughter” Pushkin pays great attention to the problem of honor and dignity. Not without reason the epigraph to the whole story is the proverb “take care of your honor from the youth.”
The brightest opposite images are Grinev and Shvabrin. Grinev throughout the whole story is an example of a noble and worthy person, unlike Shvabrin. During the execution in the Belogorsky fortress, he does not want to swear Pugachev and is ready to die, while Shvabrin has already sworn to him. Even more I was convinced of Grinev’s honor when he was afraid of death in a difficult moment, but he did not depart from his moral principles “Can I recognize you as a sovereign?”, “You are a smart man” and “I swore an oath to the Empress”, and ” against you, I’ll go, there’s nothing to do “
Shvabrin is a lying man. From the very beginning he spoke ill of the Mironovs, slandered Masha and twice reported to Peter. In times of danger, he grovels before Pugachev, not caring about his honor.
The love theme also helps in many ways to reveal the characters’ images. Grinev participated in the duel, defending the honor of Maria Ivanovna. When Grinev turned away, Shvabrin basely inflicted a blow. Shvabrin is a dishonorable person. He is ready to keep a weak girl on bread and water in order to achieve his nefarious purposes. After all, a loving person does not do that.
Speaking of loyalty and honesty, it would be unfair not to say a few words about Masha. For the first time Grinev meets Mary Ivanovna at lunch with Mironov. She was so modest that her presence made no impression on him, and only at the end of the story, in the difficult moment, her strongest features are revealed. She goes to the Empress herself to defend the honor of her lover. From a quiet girl she turned into a strong personality. Her image is a great example of faithfulness and courage and I adore her.
The last example in my opinion is Pugachev. Despite the brutal massacres committed on the conquered territories, his best qualities are revealed alone with Grinev. First and foremost, he is kind-he remembers the sheepskin coat given to Grinev, and throughout the whole story helps him. Secondly, he is honest and knows how to value this honesty in others. He appreciated this in Grinev and acted nobly – he sent him to Orenburg. He also helps him, when Masha is released from the captivity of Shvabrin and sincerely wishes him happiness – this is an example of the fact that Pugachev is at least a rebel, has a good soul. Therefore, in my mind, he ceases to be an honest and noble person.
In the work of Pushkin “The Captain’s Daughter” the author touches on the problem of honor and dignity, and each of the heroes refers to this problem, has its own moral principles and moral values. But they are all bright images of good and evil, nobility and meanness.