Good and evil in literary works

Good and evil in literary works

Good and evil… Eternal philosophical concepts, at all times disturbing minds of people. Arguing about the difference between these concepts, it can be argued that good, of course, brings people close to you pleasant experiences. And evil, on the contrary, wants to bring suffering. But, as is often the case, it is difficult to distinguish between good and evil. “Is this possible,” another inhabitant would ask. It turns out, maybe. The fact is that the good often hesitates to say about their motives for action, and evil – about their own. Good sometimes even disguises itself for a small evil, and evil can do the same. But only it trumpeted that it is a great good! Why is this happening? Just a kind person, as a rule, is modest, it is a burden to him to listen to gratitude.

Here he says, having done a good deed, that this, they say, was nothing to him at all. But what about evil? Oh, this is evil…

Indeed, it is difficult to understand where the light, and where the darkness, where the present good, and where – evil. But while a person lives, he will strive for good and for taming evil. One has only to learn to understand the true motives of people’s actions and, of course, to fight evil.

Russian literature has repeatedly addressed this issue. Valentin Rasputin did not remain indifferent to it either. In the story “Lessons of the French” we see the state of mind of Lydia Mikhailovna, who very much wanted to help her student get rid of constant malnutrition. Her good deed was “disguised”: she played with her student for money in “chiku” (the so-called game for money). Yes, it is not ethical, not pedagogical. Director of the school, having heard about this act Lydia Mikhailovna, dismisses her from work. But the teacher of the French language played with the pupil and succumbed to the boy, because she wanted him to buy some food for himself, not to starve, and to continue studying. This is a really good deed.

I want to recall one more work, in which the problem of good and evil rises. This is a novel by MA Bulgakov “Master

and Margarita.” It is here that the author speaks of the inseparability of the existence on earth of good and evil. This is a common truth. In one of the chapters of Levi Matvey calls Woland evil. To which Woland responds: “What would your good do, if there was no evil?” The writer believes that the real evil in people, that they are by nature weak and cowardly. But evil can still be defeated. For this, in society it is necessary to establish the principle of justice, that is, exposing meanness, lies and sycophancy. The standard of goodness in the novel is Yeshua Ga-Nozri, who in all people sees only the good. At the interrogation of Pontius Pilate, he speaks about being ready to bear any suffering for faith and good, but also about his intention to expose evil in all its manifestations. From his ideas the hero does not refuse even in the face of death. “There are no evil people, only unhappy people,” he says to Pontius Pilate.


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Good and evil in literary works