The verb’s face in Russian is the inflectional grammatical category of verbs expressing the correlation of the action called the verb to the speech participants. That is, the face of the verb indicates who performs the action. The category of the person is inherent in the verbal forms of the present and future time of the indicative mood, as well as the forms of the imperative mood.
The meaning of the category of verbs
In Russian, there are three persons of the verb in the singular and in the plural, expressing a different meaning called the action verb.
1 person of the verb – indicates that the action refers directly to the speaker, he is the subject of speech (I cook coffee, I’ll buy apples). 2 person of the verb – indicates the correlation of the action to the interlocutor (you read the book, you will build the house). 3 person of the verb – expresses the attitude of the action to the person or to the object that does not participate in the speech (he goes to the cinema, she will stroke the shirt). 1 person of the verb – signify an action that refers to... a group of persons, including the speaker (we are asleep, we will solve the problem). 2 persons of the verb – indicate an action that refers to a group of persons, including the person in question (you think of summer, you will go to the mountains). 3 persons of the verb – express the attribution of the action to a group of objects or persons who do not take part in the speech (they collect mushrooms, they will clean in the house).
How to determine the face of a verb?
To determine the face of the verb, select the personal ending of the verb form, determine its meaning in the context of the speech, and also ask questions:
Verbs 1 person answers questions. What do I do? What will I do? What do we do? What will we do? Verbs 2 persons: What are you doing? What will you do? What you are doing? What will you do? Verbs 3 persons: What does? What will he do? What are they doing? What will they do?
For convenience in determining the face of the verb, we give personal endings and examples of using verb tenses with the table: