What are the rights of the child? In general terms, they are the same as in adults. But children more often feel resentment and injustice, because they are weaker and more defenseless than adults. Therefore, the UN has drafted and proclaimed a special Declaration on the Rights of the Child and adopted the International Convention on the Rights of the Child. If the first document only proclaimed these rights, the second obliged the states that signed it to ensure its implementation. According to Article 1 of the Convention, every person is considered a child until the age of 18. The rights of the child are certain possibilities necessary for a person under 18 years of age to exist and achieve maturity. Every child, regardless of race, sex, language, religion, nationality, state of health, has equal rights with all other children.
From the Convention on the Rights of the Child
The child has the right:
– for special protection and care, quality food, shelter and medical care;
– for love and understanding in the family; for schooling and developing their abilities;
– on education aimed at developing the personality, talents, mental and physical abilities to the fullest extent, to prepare for a conscious life in society;
– for priority protection and assistance in difficult circumstances.
– A child with physical and mental disabilities has the right to special care and care.
– You can not force a child to work hard and treat him cruelly.
– Concerning the child it is impossible to bear a death sentence or to punish it with life imprisonment.
The convention is a treaty between states on some special issue.