The daily life, customs and traditions of medieval China

The Chinese lived in houses without a ceiling. There was almost no furniture in the dwellings. The yard looked like a small fortress. To enter without permission in a strange yard was forbidden – the owner could kick away an uninvited guest, even a “mandarin”.

The Chinese wore simple, uniform clothes – trousers and belted belt jacket. They smelled the jacket to the right, to differ from the “barbarians”. Shoes were worn on bare feet with shoes on a wooden or leather sole. When they came into the room, they took off their shoes, but it was considered indecent to go barefoot into the street. Men never went without a hat. The fashion for clothes changed, and the moderator of the modes was the imperial palace.

Aristocratic environment tyrannized fashion. So, women with thin, as at 6-8-year-old girls, legs were considered as beauties, therefore fashionistas disfigured themselves with bandaging of legs. The aristocrats, in order to differ from the people of physical labor, let out on their fingers the pre-nails, which were worn by silver cases.

Without thin legs, “lilies” in China, it was difficult to find a good groom. The woman could hardly stand on such legs, sometimes the servant carried her on her back. To have such legs, it was necessary from childhood to tighten the feet with a bandage. The Chinese women bravely stood up to these tortures. “A pair of bandaged feet is worth a bath of tears,” they comforted themselves.

For most Chinese with food,...

it has always been difficult. Products are not touched – used almost everything. Simple Chinese people sipped their food with water, prosperous – begging or rice wine. In the III-IV centuries. the Chinese learned about tea and literally fell in love with this healing drink. The tea was sung by poets, scientific works were written about it. Until the XIV century. tea was boiled like soup, and not brewed.

In China, people loved holidays. The biggest holiday was the New Year. In the days of the old year’s wires and the meeting of the new mummers begged for gifts under the deafening sounds of drums and gongs. In New Year’s Eve we guessed. There was also a “holiday of street lamps” – the whole city was hung with beautiful lanterns. On this holiday they did everything on the contrary – men dressed up as women, women as men, rolled on the ground in boats placed on wheels. It was a people’s carnival. The big spring holiday was the days of “cold food” and “pure light.” Then they extinguished all the lights and ate cold dishes, then new lights were lit. Celebrated the harvest festival.

The most popular sport in China was a team ball game. Teams counted more than ten players. This game is the progenitor of modern football. The Chinese also loved the polo.

Children in China were treated as young adults, but they invented their own, children’s games. These little mischief-makers often debauch in the lessons.


The daily life, customs and traditions of medieval China