Summary Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. magical flute

MAGICAL FLUTE

Opera in two acts1

Libretto by E. Shikaneder

Characters:

Zarastro

Tamino, prince

The queen of the night

Panina, her daughter

Papageno, a bird

Papagen, his sweetheart

Monostat, Moor

Two Priests

Three ladies, fairies Queen of the night

Three magic boys

Two warriors in lats

Speaker

Bass

Tenor

Soprano

Soprano

Baritone

Soprano

Tenor

Tenor and bass

Soprano and mezzo soprano

Soprano and mezzo soprano

Tenor and bass

Bass

Priests, slaves, retinue and so on.

PLOT

In a deserted mountainous terrain, a monstrous snake pursues Prince Tamino. The last time he called for help, he falls unconscious. At this moment, because of the rock, three ladies appear in black robes and cut the snake into three parts. The beauty of the prince amazes them. Everyone dreams of his love, and no one wants to go to the Queen of the Night to report what happened. After a long dispute, they decide to go together. Tamino comes to her senses and hears the sound of a pipe. His eyes are a strange creature, a man in a bird’s plumage, Papageno’s birds. The prince warmly thanks him, considering him a savior. Papageno is very grateful. Returning, three ladies punished him for bragging: they close their mouths with a huge lock. They explain to the prince that he is in the possession of the queen of the night, who as a token of goodwill sent him a portrait of his daughter, Pamina, abducted by an evil sorceress; if at first glance a portrait of Tamino feels love, he is expected to be honored and happy. Conquered by the beauty of Pamina, the prince is ready at any cost to free the girl. The Queen of the Night gives him a magic flute – she will help overcome all obstacles, and in the companions gives Papageno, who receives as a gift the bells that make everyone who hears them dance. Accompanied by three magical boys, the prince sets out on his journey.

In the palace of Sarastro, the excitement: the Moor Monostoyas, guarded by Pamina, was so eager for her love that the poor girl fled. However, soon she was overtaken, and now the Moor is roughly dragging the beautiful captive, intending to tie her in chains. Apparently Papageno appears. He and Monostatos, stunned, frightened by the appearance of each other, rush headlong in different directions. Curiosity, however, turns out to be stronger than fear, and the bird-goers return to Pamina. He talks about the prince’s love for the daughter of the Queen of the Night, about his decision to save her and offers to flee immediately. Three magical boys appear before the palace, followed by Tamino. He wants to enter, but the priest blocks his way. He reveals the deception of the Queen of the Night: Pamina was not kidnapped by an evil wizard – wisdom and kindness prevail in the kingdom of Zarastro. Pamina is waiting for happiness. Congratulated by that, that the beloved is alive, Tamino begins to play on the magic flute. Papagene responds to her sounds with her own pipe; Together with Pamina he approaches the temple. But they are ahead of Monostat with guard. He is ready to grab the fugitives, but the ringing of the bells of Papageno makes him start dancing. Enthusiastic cries of the crowd announcing the approach of Zarastro. Pamina falls to his feet, confessing to disobedience. Moor leads the prince, who is seized nearby, and when young men rush into each other’s arms, they roughly separate them. He is waiting for a reward for his faithful service. But Zarastro unexpectedly orders him to severely punish him. Zarastro declares that the aliens must be put to the test in the temple. But they are ahead of Monostat with guard. He is ready to grab the fugitives, but the ringing of the bells of Papageno makes him start dancing. Enthusiastic cries of the crowd announcing the approach of Zarastro. Pamina falls to his feet, confessing to disobedience. Moor leads the prince, who is seized nearby, and when young men rush into each other’s arms, they roughly separate them. He is waiting for a reward for his faithful service. But Zarastro unexpectedly orders him to severely punish him. Zarastro declares that the aliens must be put to the test in the temple. But they are ahead of Monostat with guard. He is ready to grab the fugitives, but the ringing of the bells of Papageno makes him start dancing. Enthusiastic cries of the crowd announcing the approach of Zarastro. Pamina falls to his feet, confessing to disobedience. Moor leads the prince, who is seized nearby, and when young men rush into each other’s arms, they roughly separate them. He is waiting for a reward for his faithful service. But Zarastro unexpectedly orders him to severely punish him. Zarastro declares that the aliens must be put to the test in the temple. roughly separates them. He is waiting for a reward for his faithful service. But Zarastro unexpectedly orders him... to severely punish him. Zarastro declares that the aliens must be put to the test in the temple. roughly separates them. He is waiting for a reward for his faithful service. But Zarastro unexpectedly orders him to severely punish him. Zarastro declares that the aliens must be put to the test in the temple.

Tamino and Papageno enter the temple to receive initiation into the brotherhood of the wise. The test conditions are severe: the person who has not sustained must die, – the priests declare to them. Scared Papageno initially flatly refuses, but the news that Zarastro will give him a wife as a reward changes his decision. In the first test, aliens must show firmness to the woman: they must be immune to insidiousness and cunning, for love and compassion. Hardly disappeared priests who declared this condition, as before Tamino and Papageno there were three ladies, the fairies of the Queen of the Night. They threaten the travelers with ruin, persuade them to return to their lady. Tamino in response is silent.

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MUSIC

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Papageno was musically characterized by a cheerful aria “Known for All I Birds” in the spirit of a folk dance song; after each verse the ingenuous roulades of his pipe sound. Tamia’s aria with the portrait of “Such a magical beauty” combines song, virtuosic and recitative elements in a living, agitated speech. Aria Queen of the night “In my sufferings, my days pass” begins with a slow, majestic melancholy melody; the second part of the aria is a brilliant, resolute allegro. The quintet (three fairies, Tamino and Papageno) convexly juxtaposes the comic mumbling of Papageno (with a lock on his lips), sympathetic prince’s replicas, fluttering fairy phrases. In the second picture, the duet of Pamina and Papageno “Who tenderly dreams of love” stands out, written in the form of a simple verse song; his unsophisticated hearty melody acquired the widest popularity in the composer’s homeland. The finale of the first act is a large stage with choirs of priests and slaves, ensembles and recitatives, in the center of which there is a jubilantly light Tamia aria with a flute “How the magic sound is full”, and a chorus of slaves dancing under the bells of Papageno; the act is a solemn chorus.

The second act is associated with frequent changes in the scene and contains seven paintings. The opening march of the priests (orchestra) sounds muffled and solemn, reminding the chorale. In the first picture of the majestic-lofty aria of Zarastro with the chorus “O you, Isis and Osiris” contrasted with a lively quintet, where the incessant chirping of the fairies of the Queen of the Night is interspersed with short remarks of Tamino and Papageno trying to remain silent.

In the next picture, three remarkably bright musical portraits are given: the defiantly arrogant Monostoyat aria “Everybody can enjoy,” the aria of the Queen of the night “The thirst for revenge flares up in my breast”, which the Italian colorations give a parody of color, and the calm, melodically expressive aria of Zarastro “Enmity and revenge they are alien to us “.

At the beginning of the third picture, the airy with the fluttering passages in the orchestra is attracted by the tercet of magical boys, sustained in the rhythm of an elegant minuet. The aria of the grieving Pamina “Everything passed” is a magnificent example of the Mozart opera monologue, marked by melodic riches and truthfulness of recitation. In the tercet, Pamina’s and Tamino’s worried melodic phrases are opposed by the strict recitation of Zarastro. The lyrical scene is replaced by a comedy scene: Papageno’s aria “Find a Friend of the Heart” is full of carefree and humorous folk dance tunes.

Deeply impressive is the scene of the meeting of the magic boys and Pamina; In the light transparent sound of their tercetas, Pamina’s remarks burst dramatically in sharp contrast. This stage begins the finale of the second act, permeated with continuous musical development, which combines the last three paintings.

In the fifth picture, after a severe and alarming orchestral introduction, a severe measured chorus of the squadrons “Who passed this way” sounds; They are accompanied by their archaic melody and the enthusiastic duo of Pamina and Tamino. Their next duet “Through the smoke and the flame went we bravely” the orchestra accompanies with a solemn, as if in the distance sounding march.

The comedy line of the opera naturally concludes with the duet Papageno and Papagena – full of genuine humor, reminiscent of a carefree birdlike twitter.

The last picture begins with a sharp contrast: an ominous march, a muffled quintet of the Queen of the Night, three of her fairies and Monostats. Opera is a brilliant jubilant chorus “Reasonable power in the fight won.”

1 The first act has two pictures, the second – seven. The latter action is sometimes divided into an intermission into two acts.


Summary Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. magical flute