Saga of Fridtjof
The name of the ancient Scandinavian (Icelandic) hero – Fridhjofr consists of two parts: fridh – peace, peace and thjofr – the thief, ie means “The thief of the world”. The main source of the poem is the Old Norse saga of Fridtjof Smel, which developed in the late 13th or early 14th century. It tells about events, to a large extent, the legendary events that took place in Norway in the 9th c. Each of the 24 songs of the poem is written by its own, special size, organically related to the emotional tone of this song.
A kind, wise bond (landowner) Hilding brought up the daughter of the king (king, king) Ingeborg and Fridtjof, the son of the Thorsten bond. (At that time, the rich and noble Scandinavians gave their children to the upbringing of their children to relatives or friends who were lower in social origin.) Ingeborg was beautiful, like Freya, the goddess of beauty and love. Even in childhood Fridtjof and Ingeborg fell in love with each other. He enthusiastically does everything for her – pulls the chicks from the nest, carries through the torrential streams, brings the first forest berries. “… Childhood passed the days” “he is on the hunt, Dare, clever and strong, Surprisingly neighbors To grasp without a sword with a bear,” then comes “with a staggering booty” to earn a friendly “girlish gaze.” Fridtjof compares his beloved not only with Freya, but also with the goddess of eternal youth, Iduna, and with the patroness of the family hearth Frigga, the wife of Odin – the oldest of the gods, the ruler of the world, and with Nanna, the wife of the god of spring, the most beautiful of the gods. The hero mentally swears his beloved in fidelity. He knows that he can die, like Nanna, from grief, to remain in the kingdom of Hel, the kingdom of the dead. Ingeborg is also always thinking about Fridtjof. But their tutor, Hilding, knowing that Ingeborg is the daughter of the Count of Bele, whose glorious race goes back to Alfader (Odin), to the “father of everything”, can not become the hero’s wife, for “the son of a bond is not a couple of powers.” Fritjof only laughed at the warning of their kind teacher. He is sure: “There is no slavery in the free-born,” “Only power is noble.” The hero is ready to step into battle with Thor himself – the god-thunderer. “To him who will separate us is grief!” – Fritjof firmly states.
Kung Bele, sensing the approach of death, convened his sons – gloomy and strict Helge and “face prigogozhego” Halfdan. Kung gives his sons instruction how to rule the country. He says: “Aish the unreasonable king kills his land, And the ruler is weak, because the people are weak” “Aish in truth the glory of the throne and the edge of happiness.” He calls his sons to raise the sword only against the enemies, take care of their sister Ingeborg, always live in friendship with Fridtjof, how they lived with his father, the glorious, truthful and sincere Thorsten. Almost a hundred year old bond considered: “One king must not go to the gods: All our lives we, Bela, went by one path, I would like to share and death with you.” Friends asked to bury them next door. Their will was fulfilled. “The decision of the people Helge and Haldvan began to jointly rule the country, and Fridtjof, the only son and heir, I took, with no one sharing, the family estate of Framnes. “Together with the estate, Fridtjof inherited the precious sword, the golden wrist, which the master skillfully decorated with ruby” luxurious and large, “” it was famous everywhere and it was the first in the North ” And Fridtjof inherited the “marvelous ship” Ellis “, which, according to legend, the god of the sea Egir gave his grandfather in gratitude” for hospitality. ” “This and many other inherited Fritjof treasure, Hardly in the North lived in those days, the heir is richer.” “King’s blood did not flow in him, but he was king in spirit, Combining nobility with kind-heartedness.” which the master skillfully decorated with ruby ”luxurious and large,” “famous everywhere, and it was known in the North as the first.” And Fritjof inherited the “marvelous ship” Ellis “, which, according to legend, the god of the sea Aegir presented to his grandfather in gratitude” for hospitality. “” This and many other Fritjof treasures inherited, hardly in the North lived in those days heir richer. ” “King’s blood did not flow in him, but he was king in spirit, Combining nobility with kind-heartedness.” which the master skillfully decorated with ruby ”luxurious and large,” “famous everywhere, and it was known in the North as the first.” And Fritjof inherited the “marvelous ship” Ellis “, which, according to legend, the god of the sea Aegir presented to his grandfather in gratitude” for hospitality. “” This and many other Fritjof treasures inherited, hardly in the North lived in those days heir richer. ” “King’s blood did not flow in him, but he was king in spirit, Combining nobility with kind-heartedness.”
Fridtjof missed Ingeborg, and he decided to go to the kings. He told his brothers that he wants to marry Ingeborg, that “your golden father would combine me with the golden-coins.” But Helge “with a mocking wicked” said: “Son of bondage, are you on your way with your sister?” Helge offended Fridtjof, offering him to become his servant. Brave Fritjof took out a sword, he could kill Helge, but he cherished the memory of Bel, so he only “cut off the shield” Helge.
In the North, Kung Ring ruled the country wisely. The country flourished, there “gold shone in the sun of the field”, “And love fed the country to Ring”. Old Ring, although he knew that he had “already faded away, and for a long time,” decided to marry Ingeborg. He ordered to collect “more wrists, earrings” and go to the boys to woo the daughter of Bela. But Helge and Halfdan refused the envoys. And then Ring ordered for an insult “mark with a sword.” And the war came to Helge’s house, he hid his sister in the Balder’s temple, where she was sitting alone, “love is true, In tears, as in the lilies of the lily.” Knowing which Fritjof is a brave and courageous warrior, Helge sent old Hilding to him. But the proud Frithiof did not forget the offense he had suffered and... refused to help the sword with the brothers-konung.
Fridtjof began to visit his beautiful Ingeborg at the Balder’s temple at night, although he knew perfectly well that in this temple a man does not have the right to meet a woman. Ingeborg was afraid that God would punish them for these secret visits. Fridtjof reassured his beloved: “He who loves, honors him more faithfully! He will descend to us, honoring us with his favors!” But quickly passed the night, and it was necessary to leave.
Fridtjof came to the Thing (a meeting of free farmers), held out his hand as a sign of reconciliation Helge, because it was not the time to quarrel, the enemy was on the threshold. Fritjof is ready to fight, but on condition that he marries Ingeborg. All those gathered began to ask Helga to marry her sister for a bond, he is worthy of it. Kung said that Fridtjof met Ingeborg in the temple of Balder. Fritjof did not dare to lie. He confirmed the words of Helge. The crowd, still so favorably disposed towards Frithiof, “turned white”. According to the law of the ancestors, the hero had to be “expelled or killed by death”, but Helge suggested that he go to the Angantir, who used to pay tribute, and after the death of Bela ceased. Angantir as the legendary evil dragon Fafnir protects his gold, but Fridtjof should prove to everyone that he is able not only to “the virgins in the temple head to circle.”
Fridtjof suggests Ingeborg to leave on his “Ellis” to the south, to Greece, about the beauty of which he told his father, where they will live happily and happily. But Ingeborg refuses, her destiny to be a “submissive victim of a brother”, she does not want to kidnap “the skald songs” the heroic name of Fridtjof, they must submit to Norma (Fate) to “dignity to save.” They part, but Ingeborg swears that he will never forget his beloved. Fridtjof gives Ingeborg his wrist, asks him not to forget, he will soon return, he will get Helge and gold and then ask not for kung, but for the people to allow him to marry her. And Fridtjof goes on “Ellis” to Angantir. His ship proved that it was really built by the gods and stronger than all the evil forces that Helge had let on them. The exhausted team of Fridtjof descended to the shore, Angantir immediately recognized his friend’s son, since “in the whole edge of the midnight this is only he.” But the warrior Utley decided to check whether Frithiof really is not afraid of the fight “and pacifies steel.” Fritjof fought valiantly and conquered the hearts of all with his courage. Angantir met his friend’s son in a friendly manner. And when he heard about the misfortunes of Fridtjof, he gave him a royal favor. In the world and feasts winter passed. In the spring, Fridtjof returned home, but instead of home – ashes. Old, kind Hilding told what happened during this time. As soon as Fritjof left, the huge army of Ring attacked the country. “We did not have a long dispute with fate,” Kung Helge ran, and the battle stopped. ” Retreating, he ordered the burning of Frithiof’s family estate. And Ingeborg became Ring’s wife. The spiteful Helge tore off “from the virgin your ring”. Hilding furiously wanted to kill Helge, but kind Ingeborg, with tears in her eyes, asked not to touch her brother. He, of course, treated her cruelly, but “Alfader (God) will judge us,”
Fridtjof was saddened and angry, He decides to deal with Helge himself and with his faithful twin sister Vjern goes to the Balder temple, where “the fire of the sacred” burned all night “-” the image of the sun. ” Fritjof burst into the temple. He scornfully cast Helge’s “purse tight”. Fritjof, seeing on the hand of God his wrist, “yanked – in anger the god of good fell to the sacred fire.” The temple caught fire. Frithiof tried in vain to extinguish it, was “the wild and powerful fire of Balder, a bright god!” “The grove is turned into ashes, the Ashes are shattered by Ashes.”
Fridtjof was expelled from the country for burning the temple. The exile had no choice but to swim on the “Ellis” along the seas. He with his twin brother Bjorn exactly followed the charter of the Vikings, the rulers of the seas: “You will meet the merchant’s ship – be protected by him, But you take a tribute from the merchant.” They courageously fought with other Vikings, swam to the beautiful coasts of Greece, but Fridtjof missed his homeland – the North, and most importantly – Ingeborg. He returned to his homeland and decided to last meet his lover, now Ring’s wife. Fridtjof did not open his name, but soon kung recognized him. At first he thought that Fridtjof, who “is terrible to men and gods”, will come “sword up, shielded”. But he conquered the heart of the old Ring by behaving very nobly, came “wrapped in a rag, with a miserable staff”, and decided to forgive him, moreover, feeling that he would soon “hide” in the mound, “where the silence”, bequeaths: “Take it, take the princess you then is yours.” Ring asks only to take care of his son. After the death of the kung, the people on the Thing wanted to select Fridtjof with their kung and see him next to Ingeborg. But the honest, noble Frithiof replied that until he could not agree to this, since he burned the temple of God and “God blazes bright and full of resentment.” He must first restore the temple. Fridtjof restores the beautiful temple of Balder, in this magnificent temple and “human revenge, and anger quietly melted.” But the priest believed that there was not enough to build a temple, we must reconcile ourselves to our enemies, “and with God the Light you will be reconciled then.” Helge died, because he dared, fighting with the Finns, enter the sacred temple of Yumala – the supreme deity of the Finns. Kungu Halfdanu, the priest demands, “give your hand,” “you Asam sacrifice your enmity… Refuse, – in vain did you build the temple.” Fridtiof obeyed the priest “and, separated for a long time, his hands once again merged in shaking as strong as the base of the mountains.” And the curse was taken from Fridtjof, and Ingeborg put the hand of “the days of children’s friend and soul to the chosen one” above the altar.