Summary Julius Sergeevich Meitus

Summary Julius Sergeevich Meitus



JULIA SERGEYEVIC MAITUS

The genus. in 1903

The creative activity of Meitus, one of the prominent composers of Soviet Ukraine, began in the 1930s. Deep interest in Ukrainian folk music from the very first steps determined the direction of his activities. Numerous processing of folk songs influenced the musical language of the original works of Meitus, giving them a pronounced national character. The composer owns choirs, mass songs, orchestral suites, symphonic poems, etc. The central place is occupied by 7 operas, among which the most famous is the “Young Guards”.

Julius Sergeevich Mejtus was born on January 28 (new) in 1903 in Elizavetgrad (now Kirovograd) to the doctor’s family. The musician’s path began at the school of Professor G. G. Neuhaus, where Meytus studied piano. In 1919-1920 he worked as a pianist in the clubs of the units of the Horse Army. At the same time, the first independent works appeared. After admission to the Kharkov Musical-Drama Institute, he wrote 2 suites, including “On the Dnepropetrovsk”, plays for pianoforte. His first operas (Perekop, 1939, and Gaydamaky, 1940), Meitus created in collaboration with the composers V. Rybalchenko and M. Tits. During the Great Patriotic War in Ashgabat, the composer wrote patriotic works – the cantata “Oath”, “Partisan Suite”, the symphonic poem “The Roads of Glory”, etc. At the same time, he takes an active part in the musical life of Turkmenistan. Together with the composer A. Kuliev he creates the opera “Abadan” (on the libretto of B. Kerbabaev). In the same years, the Fourth and Fifth Symphonic Suites appeared, a little later the Turkmen Symphony and the opera Leili and Mejnun (co-authored with D. Ovezov). The central composition of the first post-war years is the opera The Young Guard. In 1958, the opera “Northern Dawns” (based on N. Nikitin’s novel “Northern Aurora”) was completed, and a year later – “Stolen Happiness” (M. Rylsky’s libretto for the drama of I. Franco). In the same years, the Fourth and Fifth Symphonic Suites appeared, a little later the Turkmen Symphony and the opera Leili and Mejnun (co-authored with D. Ovezov). The central composition of the first post-war years is the opera The Young Guard. In 1958, the opera “Northern Dawns” (based on N. Nikitin’s novel “Northern Aurora”) was completed, and a year later – “Stolen Happiness” (M. Rylsky’s libretto for the drama of I. Franco). In those same years, the Fourth and Fifth Symphonic Suites appeared, a little later the Turkmen Symphony and the opera Leili and Mejnun (co-authored with D. Ovezov). The central composition of the first post-war years is the opera The Young Guard. In 1958, the opera “Northern Dawns” (based on N. Nikitin’s novel “Northern Aurora”) was completed, and a year later – “Stolen Happiness” (M. Rylsky’s libretto for the drama of I. Franco).




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Summary Julius Sergeevich Meitus