IVAN IVANOVICH DZERZHINSKY
The genus. in 1909
The opera genre is the main sphere of Dzerzhinsky’s creative interests. The heroics of the revolutionary and people’s liberation struggle, the pathos of labor, the images of contemporaries-these are the themes of his work. The wide use of revolutionary and Soviet songs, the simplicity and accessibility of the language determined the popularity of his best works.
Ivan Ivanovich Dzerzhinsky was born on April 9 (new) in 1909 in Tambov. He received his musical education at the Gnessin Music College in Moscow, and then in Leningrad, at the Central Music Technical School (1930-1932) and the Conservatory (1932-1935). In his student years Dzerzhinsky created his first opera “Quiet Flows the Don”. Three years later, the second opera “Virgin Soil Upturned” (also based on the novel by MA Sholokhov) appeared. Soon Dzerzhinsky finished the third opera “Volochaevskie days” (1939) and began work on the opera “Groza” based on the play of the same name by AN Ostrovsky; the work “Thunderstorms”, suspended by the Great Patriotic War, was brought to the end only in 1955.
At the events of the war, Dzerzhinsky responded with the operas Blood of the People (1941) and Nadezhda Svetlova (1943). They were followed by lyrical vocal cycles “First Love” (1944) and “Bird of the Way” (1945).
In the post-war years the composer continues to work in the field of musical theater. He wrote a musical comedy “On a Winter Night” (based on Pushkin’s novel “Snowstorm”, 1946), opera “Prince-Lake” (based on the story of P. P. Vershigora “People with a Clear Conscience,” 1947). For the vocal cycle “New Village” (1950), the composer was awarded the State Prize. In 1954, the opera “Far from Moscow” (based on the novel by VN Azhaev) was staged, and in 1962, “The Fate of Man” (according to the story of MA Sholokhov) was shown at the largest opera stages of the country.