I need to stay alone to figure it out.
In itself and in everything else.
The play “Doll House”, written in 1879, is still the most popular of the Ibsen dramas. It is most often put theaters around the world. This is partly because the Doll House was one of the most important works about the struggle of women for their rights. But the main reason – in the image of the protagonist of Nora, turned out to be so complex, vivid and ambiguous that the actresses are still interested in playing it.
Our attitude towards the heroine changes during the reading of the play. At first, Nora is Helmar’s favorite toy, “girl-wife”, whorl and gourmet. In scenes with her husband and children she herself seems like a spoiled child. In it there is even an unconscious cruelty inherent in children. Nora does not notice the love of the morbidly sick old Dr. Rank. She sincerely believes that you can borrow money without thinking how to give them: “And what about them to think? It’s the same strangers!” Nora did not find time to write a letter to her best friend Kristina Linna when she was widowed. It is no wonder that the one who came to look for the job of Frun Lynne, who had been caring for her mother and brothers for many years, talks with Nora indulgently. And then the wounded Norah reveals her secret: eight years ago, when her husband was seriously ill, she borrowed a large sum of money and took him to Italy. Now the mistress of the “doll house” denies herself the most necessary, paying this debt. And she does not tell her husband about it – she does not want him to feel obligated to her. And with a purely feminine deceit, he wants to save his gratitude for later, when she will not be so young and pretty.
Nora’s lender, an unpleasant and slippery Krogstad, wants to influence Helmer through her and stay in the bank. Otherwise, he will tell everyone that Nora forged on the bill her father’s signature. Of course, she could ask for help from an old friend of the family, Dr. Rank. And here the thoughtless bird Nora, who was dreaming about some inheritance, shows genuine spiritual nobility – does not enjoy Rank’s love. “Now you can not do anything for me, but I do not really need any help.” She not only spares the doctor’s feelings, she believes in her own husband, believing that he will gladly take her guilt upon herself.
awaits a miracle, a miracle of love and self-sacrifice. But instead Helmer, who read Krogstad’s letter, accuses Norah of lying and immorality, without even knowing for whom she did it all. He is afraid that because of the crime of his wife, his career as a director of the bank suffers. Nora listens to reproaches with a frozen face: a miracle does not happen. Next to her all those years was a stranger, cowardly and cruel. And suddenly the circumstances change again: Krogstad refuses its claims.
Helmer is ready to forget everything, forgive his wife and continue to heal. But in Nora’s heart during these days of fear and expectation a lot of work is happening. She thinks about her own life for the first time. “I want to say that I moved from your father’s hands to yours.” You arranged everything to your taste, and I had your taste… I was given a drink, fed, dressed, and it was my business to entertain you, to amuse you, Torvald. than my life passed… You and Dad are to blame for me a lot. Your fault that nothing came of me. ” She understands that she brought up her children incorrectly: “I was here your doll-wife, as my father’s home was a dad’s doll-daughter, and the children were really my dolls. I liked that you played and played with me as they liked that I play and amuse myself with them. ” Now she does not want to be a doll, a child who has been scolded and forgiven.
Ibsen’s heroine wants to sort out everything herself – in religion, human relationships, in laws that contradict morality.
Nora first felt like a man. Now she has a purpose in life: “First, I need to solve another problem.” I should try to educate myself, and I do not need you to seek help. I need to do this alone. Therefore, I’m leaving you. ” She no longer loves her husband and does not want to stay in his house just for the sake of propriety. A woman breaks all the old ties and, like a butterfly, flies out of the cocoon. No one knows how its new life will develop. Surely there will be difficulties in it. But, no matter what happens, Nora will stand it, because at last she has gained inner strength and self-respect.