In the history of mankind there are names that never cease to excite the minds and hearts of more and more generations. Interest in them is so deep that sometimes even forgotten how long they lived and worked. Over one and a half centuries have passed since the death of Byron, but his name is always close and dear to those for whom noble and brave deeds have value, who understand the high and beautiful feelings of fighters for national independence and peoples’ freedom, the tireless activity of thinkers and educators who affirm the victory of reason over ignorance and obscurantism. Creativity Byron was uniquely innovative, his poetry entered the history of world literature as an outstanding phenomenon associated with the era of Romanticism, his life was associated with the participation in the Carbonari movement for the independence of Italy and Greece.
And as a poet, and as a freedom fighter Byron was for his time, according to Pushkin, “the master of doom.” And until now his work remains modern. So far, around the poet’s name, passions are raging and disputes are being waged. The basis of Soviet Byronology was the tradition of advanced Russian criticism, the beginning of which was laid by Pushkin and the Decembrists, criticism, which was developed in the writings of revolutionary democrats, especially Belinsky.
Pushkin called Byron “genius” and the novelty of his poetry was sung in many of his works. Personality and character of Byron Pushkin compared with the elements of the sea:
He was created by your spirit:
How powerful, mighty, deep and gloomy
As you are, we will not tame anything,
He wrote in the poem “To the Sea”.
Great recognition was gained by Byron among the Decembrists, for whom he was an example of serving the cause of freedom, fighting tyranny. Decembrists translated his works, themselves created poems and poems about him.
The high evaluation of the socio-political significance of Byron’s poetry was given in Russian criticism by Belinsky. He argued with the authors of works on Byron, who condemned the poet, considering his work as the result of random circumstances and events of his life, as an expression of the properties of character.
Determining the place of Byron in world literature, Belinsky pointed out that “every great poet is so great that the roots of his suffering and bliss deep into the soil of the public and history, that he is therefore an organ and representative of society, of time, of humanity.”
The poets of Russia, beginning with Pushkin and Lermontov, opened the spiritual world of the English poet to the Russian reader, the peculiarity of his poetic vision, and thanks to them the freedom-loving poetry of Byron spread throughout the country.
Byron’s works are published in different languages. His poetry, full of high spiritual content, is revered as before.
The legacy of Byron is great, the poet has always remained true to his words:
… everything that mankind oppresses
always finds in me an adversary.