China after the overthrow of the Mongol yoke

China after the overthrow of the Mongol yoke


Despite the overthrow of the Mongol yoke, the struggle lasted another 20 years. The unification of the country was completed only in 1387 after the subordination of Liaotung.

With the coming to power Zhu Yuanzhang conducted a number of reforms. The possessions of the Mongols were confiscated. All the lands that were captured by the peasants during the war of liberation were legislatively assigned to them. However, there was not enough arable land. Peasants who agreed to cultivate wastelands were released for three years from taxes. By order of the emperor revived irrigation system. Slavery was abolished, and a population census was carried out and a description of all lands was compiled. Zhu Yuanzhang transferred the army to self-sufficiency, creating military settlements.

The people were allowed to file complaints about the abuse of local officials directly to the capital, and to send secret letters to the emperor. Zhu Yuanzhang usurped power and liquidated ministerial posts. His reign was marked by unheard-of cruelty. For example, hundreds of thousands of subjects were accused of treason and bribery. The country was possessed by fear.

Strengthening power, Zhu Yuanzhang sent to different provinces of the state as governors of his sons and grandsons. He believed that only they can become the mainstay of the young dynasty. At the beginning of the XV century. this led to the armed struggle of descendants Zhu Yuanzhzhan for the throne. The power was seized by his son Zhu Dee. In the history of the country he remained as one of the most wise rulers. Thanks to its decision in 1421, the capital of China was transferred from Nanjing to Beijing. From that time until now, Beijing is the main city of the state.

The emperors of the Ming dynasty waged aggressive wars. One of the first countries they conquered for a short time was Vietnam. In dependence of China has got and Tibet. The reign of Zhu Di was characterized by China’s great military-diplomatic and trade activities at sea. By order of the emperor, a large fleet repeatedly went on a long voyage. Chinese ships moored off the coast of India, Indonesia, Indochina, Arabia and even East Africa.



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China after the overthrow of the Mongol yoke