(1903 – 1965)
Zlobin Stepan Pavlovich (1903 – 1965), the prose writer.
Born November 11 (24 N. p.) In Moscow in the family of a medical student, participant in the revolutionary movement. He was brought up by his grandmother (parents were in prison, then in exile), having lived a difficult, often hungry childhood. At the age of 12 he lived with his father in Ufa, where the first world war caught them, when his father was supposed to go to the front, and his son again went to his grandmother in Ryazan. He studied at a real school.
In the early days of October, he took an active part in revolutionary events. I dropped out of school, worked for a while in the studio of the artist Malyavin, studied at the theater studio a little, wrote poetry, typing them in the newspapers.
I came to Moscow in 1920, worked as a statistician, then at a grocery store. I entered the industrial-economic technical school, from which I had to leave because of the tuberculosis that had begun.
In 1921 he was admitted to the Higher Literary and Art Institute. Bryusov, where he was particularly fond of linguistics, the psychology of creativity. After graduation, in 1924, he left for Ufa, where he teaches literature and Russian. A new outbreak of tuberculosis forced me to give up teaching and enter a statistician in the Bashkir Gosplan. Participation in expeditions to the mountain-steppe and forest areas of Bashkortostan, learning the language, recording songs, local legends, proverbs was very useful later when he began writing the novel “Salavat Yulaev.”
The first book of Zlobin – a fairy tale for children “Trouble” – was published in 1924. In 1928 he published essays “On Bashkiria”, in 1929 the novel “Salavat Yulaev” was published (it was reworked in 1941, then in 1953).
In 1930 he worked as an editor of children’s broadcasting on the radio, where he met K. Paustovsky, L. Kassil, A. Gaidar, and others. During these years he traveled a lot around the country (Kuban, Crimea, Caucasus, Central Asia).
During the Patriotic War, he was first in the Moscow militia, then was appointed military correspondent for front-line newspapers. After being surrounded by Vyazma, he was shell-shocked and taken prisoner, where he stayed for three years. Life in captivity was tense and full of activities: he was secretary of an underground communist group, wrote songs, poems, proclamations, articles that were sent to other camps. Impressions of these days were included in the novel Zlobin “Missing”, which was able to see the light only in 1962.
In the postwar years, Zlobin finished the novel “The Island of Buyan” (1948), in 1951 he wrote his most significant novel – “Stepan Razin.” The last novel “The Morning of the Century” was not completed. September 14, 1965 S. Zlobin died in Moscow.
A short biography from the book: Russian writers and poets. A short biographical dictionary. Moscow, 2000.