(1899 – 1983)
Surkov Alexey Alexandrovich (1.10.1899, the village of Sereznevo, Rybinsk district of Yaroslavl province – 14.6.1983), poet, public figure, lieutenant colonel (1943), Hero of Socialist Labor (1969), twice winner of the Stalin Prize (1946, 1951). Educated at the Literary Department of the Institute of Red Professors (1934). Participant of the Civil and Soviet-Finnish wars. In 1925 he joined the CPSU (b). Wrote hurray-patriotic poems, glorifying the heroism of the Civil War. In 1934 he made a collection of “Rovesniki”, and then others. The author of texts of popular songs, among which the most famous were “Konarmeiskaya”, “Struggle in a close stove of fire,” “Song of the Bold”, etc. A characteristic example of his work was the poems published in Pravda on 26.1.1937 during the process of cause “
Here they are all: – lackeys of generals,
blood spies and friends of spies –
Serebryakov, Sokolnikov, Muralov,
Dvulichny Radek, mean Pyatakov.
Death to the scoundrels, trampled on the dirt by the trust of the
During the Great Patriotic War, a... military correspondent for the newspapers “Krasnoarmeiskaya Pravda” and “Krasnaya Zvezda”; he published 10 collections of poems, including “Roads lead to the West” (1942), “Soldier’s Heart” and “Poems about hatred” (1943), “Songs of an angry heart” and “Russia punishing” (1944). In 1944, the editor-in-chief of the Literary Gazette, in 1945-53 – the magazine Ogonyok. After the Great Patriotic War, always well-experienced situation Surkov, performing a social order, wrote poetry, calling for a struggle for peace (a collection of “Peace-World”, 1950). Since 1949 the secretary, in 1950-53 deputy., 1st deputy. General Secretary of the Writers’ Union of the USSR. Actively participated in the persecution of “not corresponding” party line of writers, singer of the Stalin era. In 1952-56 a member of the Central Audit Commission of the CPSU, in 1956-66 a candidate member of the CPSU Central Committee. In 1953-59 the first secretary of the Writers’ Union of the USSR. Since 1954 he is a deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.
Materials from the book: Zalessky K. A. The Empire of Stalin. Biographical encyclopedic dictionary. Moscow, Veche, 2000.