(1835 – 1863)
Pomyalovsky Nikolai Gerasimovich (1835 – 1863), the prose writer. Born April 11 (23 N. s.) On the outskirts of St. Petersburg in the family of a priest. He studied at the parish school, whence in two years he moved to the lower branch of the spiritual school, where senseless cramming, rods and “fist law” reigned.
In 1851, after graduating from college, entered theological seminary. But even here the same methods of teaching and upbringing prevailed, the same barracks situation. The only joy was reading. I read everything that fell into my hands. In high school, he became one of the editors of the hand-written “Seminar Leaflet”, where he placed his story “Mahilov” and an article. In 1857 he graduated from the seminary. Suffering from the consciousness of the insignificance of his education, Pomyalovsky did not give his younger brother to the bursa, he was engaged with him, in connection with this, referring to pedagogical writings and thinking about the theory of upbringing. Then he wrote several articles and essays related to pedagogical questions. The essay “Vukol” was published in the “Journal for Education”. So Pomyalovsky entered the literary field,
The magazine “Contemporary” helped Pomyalovsky to form his views and ideals. “I’m your pupil,” he writes to Chernyshevsky, “while reading the Contemporary, I set my world outlook.”
Since 1860 he began teaching at a Sunday school in the working area of St. Petersburg, discovering an extraordinary pedagogical talent.
In 1861 in Sovremennik he published his novels “Meshchansky Happiness”, and then “Molotov”, which made him famous. Becomes an employee of the Contemporary, approaches Nekrasov and Chernyshevsky, acquires acquaintances among writers and in radical circles of Russian society.
In 1862 – 63 he wrote and published his most famous work – Essays on Bursa; conceives a great novel, “Brother and Sister.” But there is a political reaction: Sunday schools were closed, the publication of Sovremennik was suspended, Chernyshevsky was arrested. These events shock him, and yet he continues to write: continues work on the Essays of the Bursa, finishes several chapters of the novel “Brother and Sister”, conceives a new novel, “Holidays”, or “Civil Marriage.” But at the end of September 1863 he fell ill with gangrene and died suddenly on October 5 (17 N. p.). He was buried in Petersburg.
A short biography from the book: Russian writers and poets. A short biographical dictionary. Moscow, 2000.