(1840 – 1868)
Pisarev Dmitry Ivanovich (1840 – 1868), critic, publicist. Born October 2 (14 N. p.) In the village of Znamenskoe Orel province in a poor noble family. Childhood years passed in the parental home; his mother’s initial education and upbringing. Varvara Dmitrievna. In four years he was fluent in Russian and French, then mastered German.
In 1952 – 56 he studied at the St. Petersburg Gymnasium, after which he entered the History and Philology Faculty of St. Petersburg University.
Since 1859, Pisarev regularly presents reviews and articles in the journal “Rassvet” (“Oblomov.” Roman Goncharova, “The Noble Nest.” Roman I. Turgenev, “Three Deaths.” The Story of Count L. Tolstoy. “) Unsatisfied with the University program,
In 1860, as a result of overwork and personal experiences on the basis of a long-term unrequited love for his cousin R. Koreneva, Pisarev mentally falls ill and spent four months in a psychiatric hospital. After recovering, he continues the university course and successfully graduates from the University in 1861.
He actively cooperates with the magazine Russkoye Slovo (until his closing in 1866), becomes his leading critic and almost co-editors. His articles attract the readers’ attention with a sharpness of thought, sincerity of tone, a polemic spirit.
In 1862 he published an article “Bazarov”, which aggravated the controversy surrounding the so-called “nihilism” and “nihilists.” The critic openly sympathizes with Bazarov, his strong, honest and harsh character. He believed that Turgenev understood this new human type for Russia “as true as none of our young realists will understand.”
In the same year, outraged by repressions against the “nihilists” and the closure of a number of democratic educational institutions, Pisarev wrote a pamphlet (on the brochure of Shado-Ferroti written on behalf of the government and directed against Herzen), calling for the overthrow of the government and the physical liquidation of the reigning house.
July 2, 1862 was arrested and imprisoned in solitary confinement of the Peter and Paul Fortress, where he spent four years.
After a year in custody, I received permission to write and print.
The years of imprisonment are the flourishing of Pisarev’s activities and his influence on Russian democracy. At this time, there are almost forty of his publications in the “Russian word” (the article “Motives of Russian drama”, 1864, “Realists”, “Pushkin and Belinsky,” 1865, “The thinking proletariat about Chernyshevsky’s novel” What to do? “, Etc.). .
Early release November 18, 1866 under an amnesty Pisarev first working with his former co-editor of the magazine “Delo” publish now, but in 1868 accepted the invitation of Nekrasov cooperate in “notes of the Fatherland”, which publishes a number of articles and reviews.
The creative path of Pisarev at the age of 28 suddenly broke: during the rest of Riga he drowned, swimming in the Baltic Sea. He was buried at Volkov cemetery in St. Petersburg.