Pilnyak (real name – Vogau) Boris Andreevich (1894 – 1937), prose writer.
He was born on September 29 (October 11) in Mozhaisk. There, as well as in Noginsk and Kolomna, his childhood and youth years passed. He started writing early and at the age of 15 he published his miniature “Spring”.
In 1915 he lived in the Ukraine in the village Pilnyanka (in Ukrainian means “place of forest development”), from where he sent his stories to the editorial office, signing the pseudonym “Pilnyak”. In 1919 the first book of his stories was published. In 1920 he graduated from the economic department of the Moscow-based commercial institute, in the same year he wrote the novel “Naked Year”, which brought him fame.
In 1922 – 23 he traveled abroad – in Germany and England, later traveled to Greece, Turkey, was in China and Japan.
In 1924 he published “Excerpts from the diary,” where such statements were also found: “… you will not artificially create literature…”, “I take newspapers and books, and the first thing that strikes me is lie everywhere: in work, in public life, in family relations. ” The press began an attack on Pilnyak, calling him a petty-bourgeois writer, a traitor.
In 1926 he published “The Tale of the Unexpected Moon”, the circulation of which would be confiscated. The unsuccessful publication played a decisive role in the future in the fate of Pilnyak. Two months before the “Moon” in the magazine “Red Nov” came out “Zavolochye”, where the problem of violence against a man was posed.
In 1929 in Berlin, published Pilnyak’s novel “Redwood”, rejected by the magazine “Red Nova” for ideological reasons. Soviet criticism has sharply criticized the story.
In 1930 he wrote the novel “The Volga flows into the Caspian Sea,” where he tries to show the birth of a “new Russian culture.”
Official authorities could not forgive much for the writer, and on October 28, 1937 he was arrested.
April 21, 1938 was convicted and shot. Posthumously rehabilitated.
A short biography from the book: Russian writers and poets. A short biographical dictionary. Moscow, 2000.