Biography of Saint-Exupéry Antoine

Biography of Saint-Exupéry Antoine


Saint-Exupéry
(Saint-Exupery) Antoine de (29.6.1900, Lyon, – 31.7.1944), French writer. He was born into an aristocratic family. In 1919-21 he studied at the School of Fine Arts, in 1921-23 he served in the army; then worked in the factory. In 1926 he became a civilian pilot, in the same year he published his first short story “The Pilot”. In 1927-29 he was the head of the airfield in North Africa. In his novel “South postal” (1929) pilots – people of action are opposed to the petty bourgeois. In 1929-31 the pilot in South America, in Africa, then the test pilot (1933-34). In 1931 he published the novel “Night Flight”. In 1939 the book “The Planet of People” (in the Russian translation also “Earth of People”) was awarded the prize of the French Academy. The works of S.-E. – a fusion of reporting with a poetic and philosophical interpretation of the experience. The humanism of the writer, for all abstraction, marked by democracy, hatred of reaction. In 1935, after visiting the USSR, S.-E. wrote a series of essays full of friendly attention to socialist reality. In 1937, in reports from Republican Spain, he branded fascism. During the Second World War 1939-1945 S.-E. – Military pilot, fought at the front. After the occupation of France, the Nazi troops (1940) emigrated to the United States, where he wrote the novella The Military Pilot (1942) and The Letter to the Hostage (1943), prominent in the literature of the Resistance Movement. Since 1943, a military pilot in North Africa; July 31, 1944 he did not return from reconnaissance flight. The fame of S.-E. “The Little Prince” (1943); satire on the world of profit is combined in it with the affirmation of the beauty of human relations. Unfinished book “The Citadel”



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Biography of Saint-Exupéry Antoine