Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini – Italian sculptor and architect, was born in Naples. Biography Bernini is considered the history of one of the leading figures in Italian baroque.
After receiving initial skills from his father was a sculptor), Giovanni worked primarily in Rome. Many of his early works, such as “David”, “Rape of Proserpine”, “Apollo and Daphne”, were made for Cardinal Shipione Borghese. He was one of the most influential philanthropists, patrons of that period. Pope Urban VIII, Innocent X, Alexander VII gave Borghese the greatest opportunities for the design of churches, chapels, springs, graves and statues.
In 1629, in the biography of Bernini was the post of architect of St. Peters. He created an ornate canopy under the dome, “Cathedra Petri”. Also, Bernini developed the abundant marble decorations of the chapel. During the 1640s, he worked on the chapel of Cornaro Santa Maria della Vittoria. Since 1656, Bernini worked on the greatest elliptical piazza, an extensive colonnade in front of the church.
During the papacy of Innocent Bernini often worked under personal protection. He was entrusted with the development of the fountains of Piazza Navona. For the church of St. Peters, he created a royal staircase, as well as a heroic statue of Constantine. Bernini helped a lot of sculptors in such large-scale developments.
Between 1658 and 1670 Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini were decorated with three churches: San Tomaso di Villanova, Santa Maria della Assante, San André-Al Quirinale in Rome. He introduced a new fashion, dynamically composing sculpture and architecture. In 1665 Louis XIV invited Bernini to Paris to complete the decoration of the Louvre. However, the project Bernini failed. Returning to Italy, he continued to work on the St. Peters Cathedral.
Many of the architect’s works combine white, colored marble with bronze and plaster. The most spectacular combination is in Santa Maria della Vittoria, Rome, where Bernini created “Ecstasy of St. Teresa”. Often absorbed in classical forms, the sculptor could turn a marble block into a living, almost breathing figure. Self-portrait of Bernini is an example of his greatest talent for drawing.
Also Giovanni Bernini wrote several comedies, painted many cartoons. In addition, he worked on plays, all of which contain spectacular illusions. However, Bernini’s most significant work is in Rome. The exception is “Neptune and Triton” in the Victoria and Albert Museum in London, the bust of Louis XIV in Versailles.