Frederic François Chopin is a 19th-century Polish composer, pianist-virtuoso, teacher, the brightest representative of romanticism in music, the founder of the Polish national composer school.
Childhood and Education
Frederic Chopin was born on February 22, 1810 in the village of Zhelyazova-Volya near Warsaw. A beautiful musical taste for the future composer was instilled by his mother, who played the piano well and sang. Unusual musical abilities, as well as the most important – the love of playing the piano, manifested itself in Frederik’s early childhood.
Since seven years with the boy began to deal with the famous pianist Wojciech Zhivny. By the age of twelve, Frederic had reached the level of the best pianists in Poland. Since 1823, Chopin studied at the Warsaw Lyceum.
After graduation, Chopin began to study music theory in the class of composer Józef Elsner. Thanks to the patronage of the princes Chetvertinsky and Anton Radziwill, Frederik managed to get into a higher society.
Since 1829, Frederic Chopin, whose biography even then testified that he will become a great musician, began to actively perform with his works in Vienna. In 1830 the composer left Warsaw forever. In 1831 he settled in Paris, where he immediately becomes famous, finds many admirers. After some time, the musician begins to teach.
Chopin’s circle of contacts included many young musicians and the biggest European composers: F. Giller, Tulon, Stamati, Frankmom, Bellini, Berlioz, Schumann, Mendelssohn, the painter E. Delacroix, writers V. Hugo, G. Heine and others.
The first attack of lung disease occurred in the composer Chopin in 1837. Since then, he suffered from asthmatic attacks. At this time Chopin lived with the writer George Sand. From 1838 to 1839 lovers stayed on the island of Mallorca. Their relationship was not easy, which also had a negative impact on the composer’s health. In 1847 they parted.
In 1848, Chopin settled in London, where he continued to give concerts and conduct teaching activities. November 16, 1848 in London took place the last concert of the great composer. Every day he felt worse and soon returned to Paris.
October 5, 1849 ended the biography of Chopin. The great composer was buried in the Pere Lachaise cemetery in Paris.
- Since childhood, Chopin, to tune in the right way, playing the piano in complete darkness. This habit has been preserved with him for life. Already in 1818 in one of the Warsaw newspapers there was a note about Chopin, as a brilliant child, who performed the most complicated compositions and himself created dances and variations. According to the last will of Chopin, his heart was transported to Warsaw and immured in one of the pillars in the Holy Cross. The work of Chopin had a tremendous impact on the development of the harmonious style and form of European music. The works of the great composer were used in the creation of his works by List, Wagner, Glinka, Scriabin, Tchaikovsky and others.