Johann Sebastian Bach is a great German composer, organist, music teacher, master of polyphony. Creativity Bach includes more than 1000 works of various genres.
Born March 31, 1685 in the city of Eisenach. In the small Bach was originally laid the passion for music, because his ancestors were professional musicians.
At the age of ten, after the death of his parents, Johann Bach was taken up by his brother Johann Christophe. He taught the future composer the game on the clavier, organ.
At the age of 15, Bach enrolled in the vocal school of St. Michael’s name, in the town of Lüneburg. There he gets acquainted with the creativity of modern musicians, comprehensively develops. During 1700-1703 begins the musical biography of Johann Sebastian Bach. They wrote the first organ music.
In the service
After graduation, Johann Sebastian was sent to the Duke Ernst for the position of musician at the court. Dissatisfaction with the dependent position causes him to change his job. In 1704, Bach received the post of organist of the New Church in Arndstadt. The brief content of the article does not provide an opportunity to dwell on the work of the great composer, but it was at this time that he created many talented works. Cooperation with the poet Christian Friedrich Henrici, the court musician Telemachus enriched the music with new motifs. In 1707 Bach moved to Mühlhausen, continued to work as a church musician and engaged in creative work. The authorities are satisfied with his work, the composer receives a reward.
In 1707 Bach married his cousin Maria Barbara. He again decided to change jobs, becoming this time the court organist in Weimar. In this city six musicians are born in the family of a musician. Three died in infancy, and three in the future become famous musicians.
In 1720, Bach’s wife died, but a year later the composer again married, now on the famous singer Anna Magdalene Wilhelm. The happy family had 13 children.
Continuation of the creative path
In 1717 Bach switched to the service of the Duke of Anhalt-Ketensky, who highly valued his talent. During the period from 1717 to 1723 there appeared magnificent suites of Bach.
In Köthen, the Brandenburg concerts of Bach, the English and French suites were written.
In 1723, the musician receives the place of a cantor and teacher of music and Latin
in the church of St. Thomas, then becomes musical director in Leipzig. The wide repertoire of Johann Sebastian Bach included both secular and wind music. During his life Johann Sebastian Bach managed to visit the head of the musical board. Several cycles of the composer Bach used all kinds of instruments
Last years of life
In the last years of his life, Bach quickly lost his sight. His music was then considered unfashionable, outdated. Despite this, the composer continued to work. In 1747 he created a series of plays called “Music of the Offering”, dedicated to the Prussian King Frederick II. The last work was a collection of works “The Art of the Fugue,” which included 14 fugues and 4 canons.
Johann Sebastian Bach died on July 28, 1750 in Leipzig, but his musical heritage remains immortal.
A brief biography of Bach does not give a complete idea of the composer’s complex life path, his personality. Details of his fate and creativity can be found by reading the books of Johann Forkel, Robert Franz, Albert Schweitzer.