Anna Andreevna Akhmatova is a famous Russian poet of the 20th century, a writer, translator, critic and literary critic. The author of the famous poem “Requiem” about the repression of the 30s.
She was born on June 11, 1889 in Odessa.
The first education in Akhmatova’s biography was received at the Mariinsky Gymnasium in Tsarskoye Selo. Then in the life of Akhmatova was trained in Fundukleyevskaya gymnasium in Kiev. She attended historical and literary, women’s courses.
The beginning of the creative path
For the first time the poem of Anna Akhmatova was published in 1911. The first book of poetry poems was published in 1912. In 1914, her second collection, The Rosary, was published with a circulation of 1,000 copies. It was he who brought Anna Andreevna real fame. Three years later Akhmatova’s poetry was published in the third book, The White Pack, twice as large.
In 1910 she married Nikolai Gumilev, from whom in 1912 she gave birth to the son of Lev Nikolaevich. Then in 1918 the life of the poetess there was a divorce from her husband, and soon a new marriage with the poet and scholar V. Shileiko.
And in 1921 Gumilev was shot. She split up with her second husband, and in 1922 Akhmatova began a relationship with art critic N. Punin.
Studying the biography of Anna Akhmatova, it should be noted briefly that many of the people close to her have suffered a sad fate. So, Nikolai Punin was under arrest three times, and the only son Leo spent more than 10 years in prison.
Creativity of the poetess
Akhmatova’s work touches on these tragic themes. For example, the poem “Requiem” reflects the difficult fate of a woman whose close people suffered from repression.
In Moscow, in June 1941, Anna Andreevna Akhmatova met with Marina Tsvetaeva, it was their only meeting.
For Anna Akhmatova, poetry was an opportunity to tell people the truth. She showed herself as a skilled psychologist, a connoisseur of the soul.
Akhmatova’s poetry about love proves her subtle understanding of all facets of man. In her poems she showed high morality. In addition, Akhmatova’s lyrics are filled with reflections about the tragedies of the people, and not only personal experiences.
Death and heritage
The famous poetess died in Moscow’s sanatorium on March 5, 1966. Was buried near
Leningrad on the Komarov Cemetery.
In the name of Akhmatova streets are named in many cities of the former USSR. The Akhmatova Literary and Memorial Museum is located in the Fountain House in St. Petersburg. In the same city, several monuments to the poetess were established. Memorial plaques, in memory of the visit to the city, are installed in Moscow and Kolomna.
- Akhmatova’s maiden name is Gorenko. The real name of Anna Andreevna was forbidden to use her father, who did not approve of her creative endeavors. And then the poet took the name of her great-grandmother – Akhmatova. After the arrest of her son, Akhmatova spent seventeen months in prison queues. In one of the visits she was recognized by a woman in the crowd and asked if the poet could describe it. After that, Akhmatova began work on the poem “Requiem”. The last collection of Akhmatova was published in 1925. Her further work did not miss the press of the NKVD, calling it anticommunist and provocative. By order of Stalin, she was expelled from the Writers’ Union.