Biography of Aitmatov Chingiz

(12.12.1928)

Kirghiz Soviet writer, writing in Kyrgyz and Russian.
He was born in the family of one of the first Kyrgyz Communists. Under the influence of the family, the future writer has been familiar with Russian culture, the Russian language and literature since childhood.
In 1937, his father, who held the leading position, was repressed, and Chingizu faced a genuine national life: his tenure of service began at the age of ten, and from the age of fourteen he had to work as a secretary of the aylsoviet (this was the time of the Patriotic War, and adult men were on front), solving the most difficult questions of the life of a large village.
After finishing eight classes, he enrolled in the Dzhambul zootechnical school, which he graduated with honors, and was accepted without exams in the agricultural institute. In his student years he wrote short notes, articles, essays, publishing them in the newspapers. After the institute he worked as a livestock specialist, continuing to write.
He appeared in print in 1952 with a story in Russian “Gazetchik Juodo.”
In 1956 he came to study in Moscow at the Higher Literary Courses, which gave him a lot. Returning to Kyrgyzstan, became editor of the magazine “Literary Kyrgyzstan”, five... years was his own correspondent for the newspaper “Pravda” in Kyrgyzstan.
The novel “Jamil” (1958) about love, which stood the test, about the right of the previously oppressed Kirghiz woman for personal happiness and social activity, later included in the book “The Tale of the Mountains and the Steppes” (Lenin Prize, 1963), became widely known to the young writer. In 1961 there was a story “My top with a red kerchief”. Then followed the story “The First Teacher” (1962), “Mother’s Field” (1965), “Farewell, Gyulsary!” (1966), The White Steamer (1970), and others.
The first novel written by Aitmatov is “And the day lasts for more than a century” (Burannyi polustanik, 1980). In 1988, the famous novel “The Plough” was published.
The focus of the writer is the problem of “man and society”. Heroes Akhmatova – spiritually strong, human, active people of the modern era. Aitmatov appeared as an innovator, the master of the psychological portrait of
Ch. Aitmatov was able to make a diplomatic career: he was the ambassador of the USSR in Luxembourg.
Aitmatov – deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the 7th convocation.
Currently (after the collapse of the USSR) is the ambassador of Kyrgyzstan in Belgium, without leaving literary activity (the novel “Tavro Kassandra, 1994).


Biography of Aitmatov Chingiz