Adolf Hitler is the founder of National Socialism, the Reich Chancellor, the dictator of the Third Reich, the Fuhrer of the NSDAP and Germany. He is the man who unleashed World War II.
Childhood and youth
Adolf Hitler was born on April 20, 1889 in the city of Braunau am Inn, located on the border of Germany and Austria in the family of a shoemaker. The family of Hitler often moved, so he had to change four schools.
In 1905, the young man graduated from the school in Linz, receiving an incomplete secondary education. Having an outstanding artistic talent, he twice tried to enter the Vienna Academy of Arts. However, in both cases Adolf Hitler, whose biography might have formed otherwise, was denied. In 1908, the boy’s mother died. He moved to Vienna, where he lived very poorly, moonlighting as an artist and writer, actively engaged in self-education.
World War I. NSDAP
With the outbreak of the First World War, Adolf voluntarily went to the front. In early 1914, he swore allegiance to Emperor Franz Josef and King of Bavaria Ludwig III. During the war years, Adolf received the title of corporal, several awards.
In 1919, the founder of the German Workers’ Party, A. Drexler, invited Hitler to join them. After retiring from the army, Adolf joined the party, assuming responsibility for political propaganda. Soon Hitler managed to transform the party into a national socialist, renaming it into the NSDAP. In 1921, in a brief biography of Hitler, a turning point occurred – he headed the workers’ party. After the organization of the Bavarian putsch in 1923, Hitler was arrested and sentenced to 5 years.
Having revived the Nazi Party, in 1929 Hitler created the organization Hitlerungen. In 1932, Adolf acquainted with his future wife – Eva Brown.
In the same year, Adolf put forward his candidacy at the elections, with him began to be considered as a significant political figure. In 1933, President Gidenburg appointed Hitler a Reich chancellor. Having received power, Adolf forbade the activities of all parties except the Nazis, passed a law, according to which he became a dictator with unlimited power for 4 years.
In 1934, Hitler took the title of leader of the “Third Reich”. Assigning more power to himself, he introduced SS guard units, founded concentration camps, modernized and equipped the army with weapons.
The Second World
In 1938, Hitler’s troops captured Austria, the western part of Czechoslovakia was annexed to Germany. In 1939, the conquest of Poland began, marking the beginning of the Second World War. In June 1941, Germany attacked the USSR, headed by J. Stalin. For the first year the German troops occupied the Baltic states, Ukraine, Byelorussia, and Moldavia. In 1944, the Soviet army managed to change the course of the war and launch an offensive.
In early 1945, when the German troops were defeated, the remnants of the army came from the bunker of Hitler. Soon Soviet troops surrounded Berlin.
April 30, 1945 Adolf Hitler, along with his wife Eva Brown committed suicide.
- Having come to power, Hitler created more than 42,000 concentration camps and death camps. The largest of them were Auschwitz, Buchenwald, Majdanek, Treblinka, where people were subjected to sophisticated tortures. During his stay in prison after the Bavarian putsch, Adolf wrote a famous work “Mein Kampf”. In this work, he expounded his position on racial purity, declaring war on Jews, Communists, said that Germany must dominate the world. According to some reports, Hitler staged suicide and secretly fled from Germany. However, historians have not yet found reliable evidence of this fact. Hitler imposed a ban on the Nobel Prize, creating his own National Award, which awarded only Ferdinand Porsche, the designer of cars.