(1802 – 1839)
Odoevsky Alexander Ivanovich (1802 – 1839), a poet. He was born on November 26 (December 8, 2001) in St. Petersburg in a family belonging to the ancient family of princes of Chernigov. Received a good home education. From a young age, he showed an interest in literature.
In 1821 he entered the military service. As an officer in the Horse Guards Regiment, he joined the Secret Society a few months before the uprising and took part in a speech at the Senate Square. He was sentenced to fifteen-year penal servitude, the term of which was later reduced. In fetters, he was sent to Siberia – first to the Chita prison, then to the Petrovsky plant for Baikal.
As a poet Odoevsky almost did not manifest himself before the uprising, after his arrest, while in the Peter and Paul Fortress, wrote “Sunday” (1826), “The Dream of a Poet” (1828). In Siberia he became a poet of the Decembrist katorga.
In 1833 Odoevsky was transferred to a settlement first under Irkutsk, then to Tobolsk province.
In 1837 he was sent to the Caucasus as a soldier in the active army. In Stavropol, he met with M. Lermontov, who soon became a friend.
In 1839 in the fortress of Psezuape (now the village of Lazarev-skos near Sochi) Odoevsky fell ill with malaria and died. The grave was not preserved.
A short biography from the book: Russian writers and poets. A short biographical dictionary. Moscow, 2000.