(1802 – 1839)
Odoevsky Alexander Ivanovich (1802 – 1839), a poet. He was born on November 26 (December 8, 2001) in St. Petersburg in a family belonging to the ancient family of princes of Chernigov. Received a good home education. From a young age, he showed an interest in literature.
In 1821 he entered the military service. As an officer in the Horse Guards Regiment, he joined the Secret Society a few months before the uprising and took part in a speech at the Senate Square. He was sentenced to fifteen-year penal servitude, the term of which was later reduced. In fetters, he was sent to Siberia – first to the Chita prison, then to the Petrovsky plant for Baikal.
As a poet Odoevsky almost did not manifest himself before the uprising, after his arrest, while in the Peter and Paul Fortress, wrote “Sunday” (1826), “The Dream of a Poet” (1828). In Siberia he became a poet of the Decembrist katorga.
It was he who, on behalf of all the exiles, responded in verse to the words of Pushkin’s message “To Siberia” – “Strings of prophetic fiery sounds reached our ears.” In the poems “Trinity” he justifies the cause of the Decembrists; writes poems dedicated to the memory of Venevitinov, Griboyedov. There is in his poetry and painful reflections on the meaning and purpose of their struggle, attempts to evaluate this struggle from the perspective of the future (“Elegy”, 1829).
In 1833 Odoevsky was transferred to a settlement first under Irkutsk, then to Tobolsk province.
In 1837 he was sent to the Caucasus as a soldier in the active army. In Stavropol, he met with M. Lermontov, who soon became a friend.
In 1839 in the fortress of Psezuape (now the village of Lazarev-skos near Sochi) Odoevsky fell ill with malaria and died. The grave was not preserved.
A short biography from the book: Russian writers and poets. A short biographical dictionary. Moscow, 2000.