Kireevsky Ivan Vasilievich (1806 – 1856), prose writer, critic, publicist, philosopher.
Born March 22 (April 3, 2007) in Moscow in an old noble family. He received an excellent home education, grew up among talented people, fond of literature, philosophy and art.
In 1824 he joined the Moscow archive of a foreign collegium and joined the Society of Wisdom, which was soon dissolved after the defeat of the Decembrists. Kireyevsky leaves the service, deciding to devote himself to public service: “… to promote the enlightenment of the people is not the greatest blessing that can be done to him?” He writes to his like-minded.
In 1828, the Moscow Herald published his article “Something about the character of Pushkin’s poetry,” in which Kireevsky first draws attention to the national character and originality of Pushkin’s poetic muse. In the article “Review of Russian literature for 1829” indicates the significance for N. literature of N. Novikov, whose name was at that time banned. In 1830 he went to Germany, met with Schelling and Hegel, listened to the lectures of L. Ocken and F. Schleiermacher, Ritter and Shorn. Returning to Russia in 1832, he is publishing the magazine The European, designed to link Russian culture with the European one. This idea was supported by the best Russian writers, in particular A. Pushkin himself. However, after the second issue of the magazine was banned,
In 1839 the second period of his activity begins, connected with the formation and development of Slavophilism. He took part in the discussion between the Slavophiles and Westerners, condemning the extreme positions of K. Aksakov and A. Khomyakov (article “In response to A. S. Khomyakov”). During these years Kireevsky tries his hand at prose (the story “Tsaritsyn night”, the novel “Two lives”, the story “Ostrov”).
In 1845 he became an unofficial editor of the magazine Moskvityanin published by M. Pogodin, but because of disagreements with him he published only three issues. Continuing to develop the problem of the national identity of Russian culture, he publishes in the Slavophile “Moscow collection” an article “On the nature of the enlightenment of Europe and its relation to the enlightenment of Russia” (185 /).
In the “Russian Talk” (1856) was published the last article Kireevsky “On the need and possibility of new beginnings for philosophy.” N. Chernyshevsky in the 1860s said about Kireyevsky that in him “… there was a thirst for truth, he awakened the activity of thought in others, that’s why he was useful and needed from us.”
Kireevsky died on June 11 (23rd century) in 1856 in St. Petersburg.
A short biography from the book: Russian writers and poets. A short biographical dictionary. Moscow, 2000.