Khodasevich Vladislav Felitsianovich (1886 – 1939), poet, prose writer, literary critic.
Born May 16 (28 N. s.) In Moscow in the family of the artist. Very early I felt my calling, choosing literature as the main occupation of life. Already in six years he composed his first poems.
In 1904 he graduated from the gymnasium and enrolled first in the law faculty of Moscow University, then – in the historical and philological. Began to publish in 1905. The first books of poems – “Youth” (1908) and “Happy House” (1914) – were kindly received by readers and critics. The clarity of the verse, the purity of the language, the accuracy in the transmission of thought, highlighted Khodasevich from a number of new poetic names and determined his special place in Russian poetry.
In 1914 Khodasevich’s first work on Pushkin (Pushkin’s First Step) was published, which opened a whole series of his Pushkin’s. The study of the life and work of the great Russian poet Khodasevich engaged himself all his life.
In 1920 a third book of Khodasevich’s poems appeared – “The Way of Grain”, which put the author on the list of the most significant poets of his time. Khodasevich’s fourth book of poems “Heavy Lyre” was the last one published in Russia.
Having left abroad in 1922, the poet was for some time influenced by M. Gorky, who drew him to the joint editing of the journal “Conversation.” In 1925 Khodasevich left for Paris, where he remained until the end of his life. Lives hard, needs, much ill, but works hard and fruitfully. Increasingly, he appears as a prose writer, literary critic and memoirist: Derzhavin, Biography (1931), Pushkin and Necropolis Memoirs (1939).
In recent years, published in newspapers and magazines reviews, articles, essays on outstanding contemporaries – Gorky, Blok, White and many others. He translated poetry and prose of Polish, French, Armenian and other writers. V. Khodasevich died in Paris on June 14, 1939.
A short biography from the book: Russian writers and poets. A short biographical dictionary. Moscow, 2000.