Kheraskov Mikhail Matveyevich (1733 – 1807), poet, prose writer. Born October 25 (November 5, 2001) in Pereyaslav in Poltava in the noble family of Wallachian boyars. Received a good home education. Then he studied in the Landed Gentry Corps in St. Petersburg, which he graduated in 1751. From his youth he was seriously involved in creativity.
In 1760 – 1762 he published the magazine “Useful Entertainment”, in 1873 – “Free Watches”.
In 1763 – 1802 was (with interruptions) director, then curator of Moscow University. In the history of Russian literature has entered as a major representative of Russian classicism, in whose work the movement toward sentimentalism was designated. Famous as the author of the epic
In drama, Kheraskov became a follower of classicism. Wrote 20 plays, among which the most known are: the tragedy of “Flames” (1765), “Borislav” (1774), “the liberation of Moscow” (1798); the comedy “The Atheist” (1761), “The Hatred” (1774).
However, in the dramas “Friend of the unfortunate” (1774), “Persecuted” (1775) Kheraskov uses the techniques and motives of sentimentalism. Kheraskov prose have evolved from the philosophical and moralistic novel about the ideal state with the king-philosopher on the throne ( “Numa Pompilius, or Flourishing Rome,” 1768) to the novel with intricate love-adventurous intrigue ( “Cadmus and Harmony”, 1786).
Spread on the genres of lyrics Kheraskov characterized preaching moderation, lamenting the corruption of modern society, which is opposed to a quiet life in the bosom of nature (“True Welfare”, “On the Mind,” “To A. Rzhevsky, etc.).
At the age of 74, M. Kheraskov died in Moscow on September 27 (October 9).
A short biography from the book: Russian writers and poets. A short biographical dictionary. Moscow, 2000.