Harms (real name – Yuvachev) Daniil Ivanovich (1905 – 1942), poet, prose writer.
He was born on December 30, 1905 (January 12, 1906) in St. Petersburg, with whom his whole life is connected. Here he studied, began to write the first verse. As a professional poet entered the literature in the mid-1920s, when some of his poems appeared in the almanacs.
Harms was one of the founders of the literary group OBERIU (Unification of Real Art), which included poets A. Vvedensky, N. 3abolotsky, V. Vladimirov, and others who used the methods of alogism, absurdity, and grotesque. In 1927, on the stage of the House of Printing, Kharms’s play “Elizabeth to You” was staged. Like others wrapped, Harms read his works at meetings with the public, his poems and stories were distributed in manuscripts. In 1930 the activity of the Oberiu as a “union of formalists” was banned. Marshak, appreciating the talent of Harms, attracted him to work with children’s literature. Since 1928 Harms published poems for children in the magazines “Chizh” and “Hedgehog.” There were also several children’s books, including such famous ones as “Ivan Ivanych Samovar”, “Game”, “Million”.
D. Harms was arrested on August 23, 1941, and on February 2, 1942 died while in prison. His name was crossed out of Soviet literature. In 1956 he was rehabilitated. In the 1960s his books were reissued, the play “Elizabeth to You” returned to theatrical repertoires.
A short biography from the book: Russian writers and poets. A short biographical dictionary. Moscow, 2000.