(14.02.1907 – 18.09.1945)
Kedrin Dmitry Borisovich (14.02.1907-18.09.1945), Russian poet, translator. Early orphaned, Kedrin was brought up by a well-educated grandmother, a noblewoman who introduced him to the world of folk art, introduced poetry to Pushkin, Lermontov, Nekrasov, Shevchenko. Already in 1923, abandoning his studies at the technical school, begins to work in the newspaper, writes poetry, is fond of poetry and theater. By the 1920’s breaks with certain tendencies of Proletkult’s “iron poetry”, in his poems there is a tendency to epic and historicism (“The Mortal Man”, “The Execution”, “Petition”).
In 1929 an arrest follows. Since 1931, after liberation, Kedrin settled in the Moscow region, serving as a litconsultant in the publishing house Molodaya Gvardiya. The problematic of his work is expanding, he is interested in the “living and museum history,” that is, the connection between history and modernity. In 1938, Kedrin created a masterpiece of Russian poetry of the 20th century. – poem “Architects”, a poetic embodiment of the legend of the builders of St. Basil’s Cathedral. The Moscow fool-warrior warrior is devoted to the poems “Alena Staritsa”, the semi-legendary nugget-builder Fedor Konyu – the poem “The Horse” (1940). The historical and patriotic theme prevails in Kedrin’s poetry and during the war years, when he is liberated from the sight of military service, he seeks his appointment to the front newspaper Sokol Rodiny: “Duma on Russia” (1942), “Prince Vasilko Rostov”
In the war, Kedrin declares himself and as a major poet-lyricist: “Beauty”, “Alyonushka”, “Russia! We love a dim light,” “I all dream of a field with buckwheat…”. He begins to create a poem about women tragic fate – Evdokia Lopukhina, Princess Tarakanova, Praskovie Zhemchugova. The Orthodox motifs are
becoming clearer in his poems: When the battles fade out a little,
Through the measured breathing of silence
We will hear, as they complain to God,
Those who died on the last day of the war.
On his return from the front, Kedrin notices the shadowing. A premonition of misfortune did not deceive the poet: three months after the end of the war he would be found dead near the railroad tracks.
The only lifetime collection of Kedrin’s poems “Witnesses”
In the 1960s and 70s, the broadest, nationwide interest in Kedrin’s creative heritage determined his true place in Russian patriotic poetry.