Kazantsev Alexander Petrovich (born 1906), writer.
He was born on August 20 (September 2 nd) in Akmolinsk.
He studied at a real school in Petropavlovsk, then at a technical school in Omsk, at the Tomsk Technological Institute at the Faculty of Mechanics. In his student years he was fond of inventing.
In 1930, due to a lack of specialists during the First Five-Year Plan, immediately after graduation, he was appointed chief mechanic of the Beloretsk Metallurgical Combine. In 1931, while on a business trip in Moscow, he demonstrated the model of the invented electric gun S. Ordzhonikidze and M. Tukhachevsky who saw the prospect of intercontinental shooting. He was transferred from the Urals to the plant near Moscow, where he created a laboratory specially for him, which was transferred to the Electrotechnical Institute in Moscow in 1933. Continuing to lead the development of electric guns, he became the head of the production of an experimental plant VEI.
In those same years, at the suggestion of the Director of the House of Scientists, he took part in the competition for the best script of a science fiction film. The script “Arenida” prepared together with the director receives the highest award. The film was not withdrawn, but the script was published. On its basis, Kazantsev wrote his first novel, The Burning Island, which for two years (1939-40) was published in Pionerskaya Pravda.
From the first days of the war he is in the army, makes an important defense invention, for which he was awarded the rank of military engineer of the third rank with the appointment of a special unit commander and chief engineer of the plant, soon turned into a research institute. Experienced a new technique in combat conditions on the Crimean front in the spring of 1942. In 1944 he received the rank of colonel and a new appointment,
Description of the explosion of the atomic bomb in Hiroshima and Nagasaki (Aug. 6, 1945) reminds him of the details of the disaster in the Tungus taiga in 1908, and he writes the story “Explosion”, which provoked furious discussions. Organizes an expedition to the site of the explosion and participates in it.
With the assistance of A. Fadeev gets the opportunity to make two flights on the icebreaker “George Sedov” and visit a lot of polar stations. He writes a series of polar novels: “Against the Wind” (1950), “Guest from Space”
In different years his famous works appear: “The Planet of Storms” (1959), “The Moon Road” (1960), “The Steps of the Future” (1962). Meetings with modern scientists (including Leo Szilardom, Niels Bohr, etc.) fueled the scientific imagination of Kazantsev. In 1972 – 74 wrote the trilogy “Faetas.” The novel “The Dome of Hope” is an artistic reflection of the scientific ideas of Academician Nesmeyanov.
A. Kazantsev’s interests were unusually versatile: having received a musical education in his youth, he was the author of a piano concerto, the ballad “Fisherman”. Since 1953 he is a master of sports in chess, he was a judge of the All-Union category on chess compositions and an international arbiter.
For 30 years and until now he is a member of the editorial board of the journal “
A short biography from the book: Russian writers and poets. A short biographical dictionary. Moscow, 2000.