(1897 – 1986)
Kataev Valentin Petrovich (1897 – 1986), the prose writer. Born January 16 (29 N. p.) In Odessa in the family of a teacher.
He studied at the Odessa Gymnasium. From the age of nine he began to write poetry, some of them were published in Odessa newspapers, and in 1914 Kataev’s poems were first published in St. Petersburg in the magazine “Ves mir”. With the outbreak of the First World War, he entered the army in the army, into the artillery brigade, where he stayed until the summer of 1917.
I met the October Revolution in the Odessa hospital, where I was treated after being wounded on the Romanian front. Having demobilized, he made his first attempts to write prose. In 1919 he was drafted into the Red Army, served as battery commander, then was recalled from the army and appointed head of the windows of satire in Odessa’s ROSTA: wrote texts for agitation posters, chastushki, slogans, leaflets. In 1921 he was sent to set up a similar work in Kharkov.
In 1922 he moved to Moscow, published his satirical articles in the newspapers Gudok, Trud, and Rabochaya Gazeta, without leaving work on artistic prose. In 1925 he published the story “The Waste”, noticed by both critics and readers. This story was staged, the play...was successfully performed from 1928 on the stage of the Moscow Art Theater. Inspired by the recognition, Kataev wrote the comedy “Circle Quadrant”, which also had a noisy success. Since then, he constantly wrote for the theater.
In 1932, after making a trip to the construction of Magnitogorsk, Kataev wrote a novel-chronicle “Time, Forward!”, Which became an important milestone in his work.
In 1936 he published the novel “A lonely sail grows white”; works a lot for Pravda: he writes feuilletons, essays, notes, articles. In 1937 the novel “I am the son of a working people” is published. During the Patriotic War he worked in the Radio Committee and in the Soviet Information Bureau for Foreign Affairs. He was a military correspondent for Pravda and Krasnaya Zvezda, where his essays were published from the front. During this period, stories were written “The Third Tank”, “Flag”, the novella “Wife”, “The Son of the Regiment”, plays “Father’s House”, “Blue Handkerchief”.
In 1949 the novel “For the Power of the Soviets” was published. In 1955 the magazine “Youth” was created, the editor-in-chief of which was V. Kataev. Here in 1956 the novel “Khutorok in the Steppe” was published.
In the 1960s, the “
A short biography from the book: Russian writers and poets. A short biographical dictionary. Moscow, 2000.