Bunin Ivan Alekseevich (1870-1953) is a prose writer, poet, translator.
Ivan Alekseevich Bunin is a remarkable Russian writer, poet and prose writer, a man of great and complex destiny.
He was born in Voronezh in an impoverished noble family. Childhood passed in the village. Early he knew the bitterness of poverty, the care of a piece of bread. In his youth, the writer tried many professions: he served as an extras, a librarian, and worked in newspapers. Seventeen years Bunin published his first poems and from now on forever linked his fate with literature. The destiny of Bunin is marked by two circumstances that have not passed for him without a trace: being a nobleman by birth, he did not receive even a gymnasium education, and after leaving from his native bed, he never had his own home (hotels, private apartments, life away and out of mercy, always temporary and foreign homes). In 1895, he
arrived in St. Petersburg, and by the end of the last century was already the author of several books: “To the ends of the world” (1897), “Under the open sky” (1898), the artistic translation of “Song of Hiawatha” G. Longfellow, poems and stories. Bunin deeply felt the beauty of his native nature, perfectly knew the way of life and customs of the village, its customs, traditions and language. Bunin is a lyricist. His book “Under the open sky” is a lyric diary of the seasons, from the first signs of spring to winter landscapes, through which the image of the homeland close to the heart shows through. Bunin’s stories of the 1890s, created in the traditions of realistic literature of the XIX century, open the world of village life. Ruthlessly truthfully, the author tells about the life of an intelligent proletarian with his emotional turmoil, about the horror of the meaningless vegetation of people “without a tribe-tribe” (“Halt”, ” “Tanka”, “Lead from the Motherland”, “Teacher”, “No tribe-tribe,” “Late Night”). Bunin believes that with the loss of the life of beauty, the loss of its meaning is inevitable. In the story “Antonov’s apples” (1900) for the first time in such a definite form, Bunin’s view “on the life and soul of the Russian nobles” as on the same “as the peasant” was revealed. Gorky admired the poetry of the story: “This is good.” Here Ivan Bunin, as a young god, sang. “Beautifully, juicyly, sincerely.” Bunin was friends with Gorky, and as a token of this friendship he devoted to Gorky the poem Listopad (1900). The most famous Bunin was brought by his harsh realistic novellas and stories “The Village”, “Merry Court”, “Night Talk”, “Sukhodol”, etc. In the story “Village” (Bunin called her also a novel), the author violated the tradition of “pink” narcissism, showed a new type of folk, peasant, “earth personality.” Bunin’s village, by its spiritual and vital force, is not only not fruitful, but is doomed to self-decay – economic and religious. The author showed truthful pictures of the decline, impoverishment and at the same time aggravation of social conflicts in the pre-revolutionary village. During his long life, the writer traveled a lot of countries in Europe and Asia. impoverishment and at the same time aggravation of social conflicts in the pre-revolutionary village. During his long life, the writer traveled a lot of countries in Europe and Asia. impoverishment and at the same time aggravation of social conflicts in the pre-revolutionary village. During his long life, the writer traveled a lot of countries in Europe and Asia.
Impressions from these trips served as material for his travel essays (“The Shadow of a Bird”, “In...
In this “fictional autobiography” the author restores the past of Russia, his childhood and youth. Bunin’s works of emigrant pores are based on Russian material, painted in nostalgic tones. In 1933 Bunin was awarded the Nobel Prize “for the true artistic talent with which he recreated in artistic prose a typical Russian character.” By the end of the 1930s, Bunin became increasingly homesick. With pain he experienced events in his homeland during the Great Patriotic War, rejoiced at the successes and victories of the Soviet and Allied forces. I met the victory with great joy. In these years, Bunin creates stories that are included in the collection “Dark Alleys”, stories of love only. This author considered the collection to be the most perfect in terms of skill, especially the story “Net Monday”. (See “The Dark Alley”). In the postwar years, Bunin was friendly to the Soviet Union, but he could not reconcile with the socio-political changes in the country, which prevented him from returning to the USSR. In exile Bunin constantly revised his already published works. Shortly before his death, he asked to print his works only on the latest author’s edition.