(1905 – 1964)
Grossman Vasily Semenovich, real name – Grossman Iosif Solomonovich
1905 – 1964
Prose writer, playwright.
He was born on November 29 (December 12) in Berdichev in the family of a chemist, which determined the choice of his profession: he entered the Physics and Mathematics Department of Moscow University, graduating in 1929.
Until 1932 he worked in the Donbass as a chemical engineer, then became active collaborate in the journal Literary Donbass: in 1934 his first novel Glukauf (from the life of Soviet miners) appeared, then the story “In the city of Berdichev.”
M. Gorky drew attention to the young author, supported him, typing “Gluckauf” in a new edition in the almanac “Year XVII” (1934). Grossman moved to Moscow, becoming a professional writer.
Before the war, the first novel of the writer Stepan Kolchugin (1937-40) was published.
During the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945 Grossman, a military correspondent for the newspaper Krasnaya Zvezda, published a series of essays on the struggle of the Soviet people against the fascists and the story The People Is Immortal (1942), the first major work on the events of the war, .
The play “If You Believe the Pythagoreans,” written... before the war and published in 1946, aroused sharp criticism. In 1952 he began to publish the novel For a Just Cause, which was also criticized because he did not answer the official point of view of the war. Grossman had to rework the book. The main theme of the novel is the theme of the people who have borne the whole burden of protecting their native land on their shoulders. The war appears here in all its concreteness – from events of a historical scale to the smallest detail, from which these events develop. Later, Grossman published a number of short stories (“The Road”, “A Few Sad Days”, etc.) and a lyrical diary-essay on a trip to Armenia “Welcome to you!” (1965).
Continuation – the novel “Life and Fate” was confiscated in 1961. Fortunately, the book was preserved and in 1975 it got to the West. In 1980 the novel was released. In parallel, Grossman wrote in 1955 another – “Everything flows”, also confiscated in 1961, but the option, completed in 1963, through samizdat in 1970 was published in Frankfurt am Main. V. Grossman died in Moscow on September 14, 1964.
He was awarded 3 orders, as well as medals.