Gorodetsky Sergei Mitrofanovich (1884 – 1967), poet, prose writer, playwright, critic, publicist, artist.
He was born on January 5 (17th century) in St. Petersburg in the family of an official of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, an ethnographic writer, an amateur artist. After graduating from high school, Gorodetsky enrolled in the Faculty of History and Philology of St. Petersburg University (1902), where he met with a student A. Blok, whose friendship lasted for many years. He was especially interested in Slavic studies, antiquity, Russian literature, art history, philosophy and folklore. He wrote poetry.
The first book of poems “Yary” was published in 1906, followed by the second – “Perun”, then the third – “Wild Will”. They brought the twenty-two-year-old poet wide recognition.
Disillusioned with symbolism (visited the famous “environment” Vyacha Ivanov, the theoretician of the Symbolists), became one of the organizers of the “Poets’ Workshop”, acmeists, which included N. Gumilev, A. Akhmatova, O. Mandelstam, and others published the magazine Hyperborei. In 1913 he published an eight-verse book – “Blossoming Staff”. From 1915, friendship with S. Yesenin begins, in which he saw the hope of Russian literature and supported him in every possible way.
During the February Revolution, he was in Persia, finding himself there along with the retreating Russian troops. October 1917 found a poet in the Caucasus: first he lives in Tiflis, then – in Baku. In 1918 he wrote the poem “Nostalgia”, which speaks about the decisiveness of the choice made by the poet: he takes the side of the revolution. In 1920, after the entry of the Red Army units in Baku, Gorodetsky actively joined the construction of a new world: he leads the department of agitation and propaganda in ROSTA, heads the political administration of the Caspian Fleet, edits various magazines, lectures and articles on Russian poetry, music, painting and culture of the Caucasian peoples.
In the summer of 1920 the poet – in Petrograd, several times meets with Blok, who organizes an evening of poetry Gorodetsky. He writes poetry, speaks with articles and reviews. Since 1921 Gorodetsky lives in Moscow. There are collections of poems “Serp”, then – “Mirohom”, a poem “Red Peter”. Until 1924 he
worked in the litas of Izvestia, prints translations of the poems Yakub Kolas, Yanka Kupala, etc. Participates in the literary life of the capital, writes poetry and prose (the story “The Black Shawl” and “The Monument of the Uprising,” the novel “Scarlet Whirlwind”, “Moscow stories “).
In the 1930s, “set out to create an original libretto by Soviet opera”: wrote the libretto “Breakthrough” has created the libretto, “Amran” ( “Prometheus”) for the Bolshoi Theater, the libretto of “Alexander Nevsky”, “Duma pro Opanas” wrote the new text of the libretto of the opera “Ivan Susanin”, reworked in the libretto “Count Nulin” translated libretto “Fidelio”, then -. “Lohengrin”, etc.
in 1936 came “Miscellany” the poet ( “Selected lyric and lyric-epic poem”).
During the Patriotic War, he was evacuated first in Tashkent, then in Tajikistan. He translated verses of Uzbek and Tajik poets.
He returned to Moscow before the war, wrote a lot: a book of poems “Song of Friendship” (1945), poems “Afterword”, “In Memory of AN Radishchev” (1947), “The Kremlin” (1958), “Homer” (1962). ), “Wisdom”, “Meditation” (1964), “My abode” (196 /) and many others.
In 1958 he published an autobiographical essay “My Way”. In the 1960s he wrote poems dedicated to the feat of astronauts. In the last years of his life he taught at the Literary Institute. M. Gorky, working with correspondence students. The last poems are “Hot Time”, “The Road Is Visible”. He died in June 1967.
A brief biography from the book: Russian writers and poets. A short biographical dictionary. Moscow, 2000.