(1904 – 1941)
Gaidar (real name – Golikov) Arkady Petrovich (1904 – 1941), the prose writer.
Born January 9 (22 N. s.) In the city of Lgov Kursk province in the family of a teacher. Children’s days were spent in Arzamas. He studied in a real school, but when the First World War broke out and his father was taken into the soldiers, he ran away from home in a month to go to his father to the front. Ninety kilometers from Arzamas, he was detained and returned.
Later, as a teenager of fourteen years, he met with “good people – the Bolsheviks” and in 1918 went “to fight for the bright kingdom of socialism.” He was a physically strong and stalwart boy, and after some hesitation he was accepted for the courses of the Red commanders. At fourteen and a half years old he commanded a company of cadets on the Petlyura front, and at seventeen he was the commander of a separate regiment for combating banditry (“this is in Antonovism”).
In December 1924 Gaidar left the army due to illness (after injury and concussion). Began to write. His teachers in the writers’ craft were K. Fedin, M. Slonimsky and S. Semenov, who analyzed literally every line with him, criticized and explained to the reception of literary mastery.
By his best works he considered the novels “PBC” (1925), “Far countries”, “The fourth dug-out” and “School” (1930), “Timur and his team” (1940). He traveled a lot around the country, met with different people, eagerly absorbed life. He could not write, closing in the office, at a comfortable table. He composed on the go, pondered his books on the road, he recited whole pages, and then wrote them down in simple notebooks. “The homeland of his books – different cities, villages, even trains.” When the Second World War began, the writer became again in the ranks of the army, going to the front...
A short biography from the book: Russian writers and poets. A short biographical dictionary. Moscow, 2000.
Gaidar (real name – Golikov) Arkady Petrovich (09.01.1904., Lgovsky working village – 26.10.1941, near Kanev, Ukraine), writer. At the age of 15 he joined the Bolsheviks and in 1919 joined the Red Army. Quickly became an assistant to the commander of the red partisans who were active in the Arzamas area. Then he commanded a detachment (regiment). Participated in the suppression of the Antonov uprising in Tambov region. According to the memoirs, he was noted for pathological cruelty, which raised doubts about his mental health. Since the Civil War, Gaidar has become an alcoholic, he suffered from drinking, he was tormented by nightmares. All my life I was depressed and even tried to commit suicide. His childish psyche could not stand the cruelties of the Civil War.
The author of works on the romanticism of the Revolution “RVS” (1926), “School” (1930), “Military Secret” (1935). His story “Timur and his team” (1940) became a classic. He was considered one of the founders of Soviet children’s literature. He became one of the key figures of Soviet propaganda, legends around him were created that had nothing in common with reality. His works before the 1990’s. were invariably key in the school curriculum and were compulsory for all Soviet schoolchildren to study. Circulations were tens of millions of copies. After the beginning of perestroika, his work began to be reviewed, and now he is almost forgotten and his grandson Yegor Timurovich Gaidar became more known.
With the beginning of the Great Patriotic War he went to the front. Killed in battle. Buried in Kanev.