(born on July 18, 1933)
He was born at the station Zima of Irkutsk region. He started publishing in 1949. In 19511954. studied at the Literary Institute. M. Gorky. In 1952 the first collection of poems “Scouts of the future” was published.
Evtushenko is the leader of young poetry of the second half of the 50’s and 60’s. Yevtushenko is characterized by independence, a vivid uniqueness of his poetic intonation, the formation of which was influenced by classical poets (Nekrasov, Yesenin), and contemporaries (A. Mezhirov, M. Lukonin, E. Vinokurov, Y. Smelyakov). Yevtushenko’s citizenship manifests itself not only in his poetic journalism, but also in the live depiction of the details of everyday life, and most importantly in his great attention to various human destinies, especially women’s ones (Sputnitsa, Weddings, The Girl Played the Harmonica, “For berries”, “Cashier”, “In the store”, “Mama”, “Nastya Karpova”, “In memory of Xenia Nekrasovoy”, “Izba”, “So went Piav”, “Old women”, “In memory of Akhmatova” head of “Nyushka” from the poem “Bratsk hydro-power plant”). Female images in Yevtushenko’s poetry are marked with a stamp of time; through the images of Russian women who predominate in him, the poet comprehends the moral image of Russia, today and the past. Poems early Yevtushenko used in the 13th Symphony DD Shostakovich.
The result of early creativity and entry into the mature period was for Yevtushenko the poem “The Bratsk Hydro Power Plant” (1964), in which he expressed his view of Russia, its present and past and, in part, the future.
In the years of attempts to rehabilitate Stalinism that came after Brezhnev came to power, the fading of “loud,” civic poetry, whose place is occupied by “quiet lyricism”, begins. Yevtushenko responded to the changed situation. polemical poem “Quiet Poetry” (1971), which ended with the words: “Poetry, be loud or quiet, / Do not be a quiet deceitful ever!” The poet himself, not having joined the dissidence that emerged during this period, nevertheless remains dissent in relation to the official ideology and maintains faith in his civil ideals, although he does not harbor the hope, as before, for their speedy implementation. In this regard, the intonation
of his verse becomes wider and quieter than before, but less energetic, dynamic and tense, the rhythm of his poetic speech is increasingly approaching the rhythm of prose, and, of course, it is not by chance that in these years he often turns to a calm poem narrative: Pushkin Pass (1965), Korrida (1967), Under the Skin of the Statue of Liberty (1968), Kazan University (1970) “Snow in Tokyo” (1974), “Proseca” (1975), “Ivanovo chintz” (1976), “The Northern Add-On” (1977), “Dove in Santiago”, “Nepryadva” (1980), “Mom and the neutron bomb “(1982),” Fuku! ” (1985), begins to write prose: the novel “Berry places” (1981), which will follow the novel “Do not die before death” several years later. Evtushenko also tries his hand at the cinema: he plays the role of KE Tsiolkovsky in S. Kulish’s film “Vzlet” (1980), and, in many respects, shoots autobiographical films on his own scenarios “
In most of the poems (“Winter Station”, 1995, “Bratsk Hydroelectric Power Station”, “Kazan University”, “Proseca”, “Ivanovo cotton”, “Northern Add-On”, “Nepryadva”, “Mom and Neutron Bomb”) and in Yevtushenko’s films gives his image of Russia, compares it with other countries (“Under the skin of the Statue of Liberty”, “Fuku!”). In the great author’s anthology “The Strophes of the Century,” numbering 875 personalities with preceded their characteristics, he gave his own perception of Russian poetry of the 20th century.
In the late 80’s. Yevtushenko becomes a deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, becomes active as a publicist. Now he lives and works in the USA.