(15.01.1891 – 31.08.1967)
Erenburg Ilya Girshevich (Grigoryevich) (15.01.1891, Kiev – August 31, 1967, Moscow), publicist and public figure, twice winner of the Stalin Prize (1942, 1948). The son of a merchant of the 2nd Guild. He studied at the gymnasium together with NI Bukharin. In 1905 he joined the Bolsheviks. In January 1908 he was arrested and released before trial, and in December 1908 “because of a painful condition” he went abroad. He lived in France, where in 1910 he published a collection of poems. In 1914-1917, he was a correspondent of Russian bourgeois newspapers on the Western Front. In March 1917 he returned to Russia. Negatively reacted to the coming to power of the Bolsheviks and in 1921 again left for France. From 1921 he lived in Paris, was close to the left circles of the French society, actively cooperated in the Soviet press. Since 1923, the correspondent of Izvestia. It became an integral part of the Soviet establishment, a living confirmation of the “freedom of creativity” in the USSR. His name and talent as a publicist and orator were widely used by Soviet propaganda to create an attractive image of the Stalinist regime abroad. Since the early 1930’s. constantly lived in the USSR and began to conduct in his works the idea of ”the inevitability of the victory of socialism.” In 1936-1937 a correspondent of Izvestia in the republican army in Spain (Read here the material The Civil War
It is by its name and began to be called a short period of relaxation in the beginning of the rule of Khrushchev. Later Ehrenburg stated that under Stalin “he survived by sheer chance.”
Partly used materials from the book.: Zalessky K. A. The Empire of Stalin. Biographical encyclopedic dictionary. Moscow, Veche, 2000.