(1907 – 1972)
Efremov Ivan Antonovich (1907 – 1972), the prose writer.
He was born on April 9 (22nd century) in the village of Vyritsa, St. Petersburg Province. The youth of the future writer fell on the years of civil war: the homeless teenager came to the autor of the Red Guards, went to Perekop with fights, was shell-shocked at the fire of Ochakov. He went to Petrograd, studied in seaworthy classes, sailed the Caspian Sea and the Sea of Okhotsk.
Since 1925, as an amateur paleontologist, he participated in scientific expeditions in Transcaucasia and the Middle. Asia, Yakutia, the Far East. Then he studied at the biological department of the Leningrad University. In 1935 he graduated from the external (with honors) Mining Institute, while working in the Geological Museum under the leadership of the famous paleontologist – Academician P. Sushkin. Then he headed the laboratory of lower vertebrates at the Paleontological Institute of the USSR Academy of Sciences. In 1940, Efremov received a doctorate in biological sciences, became the founder of an entire science on the geological history of the planet – tafonomia.
I. Efremov for health reasons was not a participant in the Patriotic War, but at this time he began to write stories “about the extraordinary.” In 1944, ten stories were published at once: “Allergorhoyhorhoy”, “Meeting over Tuscarora,” “Golets Sublunary,” “The Mystery of the Mountain Lake,” etc., highly valued by Tolstoy. Efremov still considered science to be his main business – geology, paleontology. In a few years will open the cemetery of dinosaurs in the Gobi Desert. Impressions from these expeditions are reflected in the book “The Road of Winds” (1956). Writer’s interest in the future was embodied in the novel “The Andromeda Nebula”, published in 1957 and was a huge success.
In 1959, for health reasons, he left the Paleontological Institute and devoted all his time and energy to literary work. In 1963 he published the novel “The Razor’s Edge”, then the novel “Thais of Athens” was published. Both of these novels have become unusually popular. The last Efremov’s novel “The Hour of the Bull” after the publication of the article caused a wave of accusations of anti-Sovietism and anti-humanism, and the novel was withdrawn from libraries. And only in 1988 it was reissued and fell into the hands of readers. I. Efremov died in 1972.
A brief biography from the book: Russian writers and poets. A short biographical dictionary. Moscow, 2000.