(1895 – 1934)
Bagritsky (real name – Dzyubin) Edward Georgievich (1895-1934), poet, translator.
He was born on October 22 (November 3, 2001) in Odessa in a philistine family. He studied in a real school, then on land survey courses.
Beginning in 1915 Bagritsky began to publish in the Odessa almanacs “Silver Pipes”, “Auto in the Clouds”, etc. Early verses testify to the influence of modernist poetry. October Revolution young poet meets enthusiastically, becomes her singer. During the Civil War he was a fighter of the Partisan Special Detachment, wrote agitstichi, appeals, leaflets.
In 1918-25 he was published in Odessa newspapers and satirical magazines, cooperated as a poet and artist in Yugrost. In these years he wrote lyrical
In 1925 he moved to Moscow, a year later he created the poem “The Duma of Opanas” about the fate of a peasant who had changed the cause of the revolution.
In 1926 he entered the literary group “Pass”, but soon, after breaking with it, adjoins the “Literary Center of Constructivists.” These throwings end in 1930 by joining the RAPP (Russian Association of Proletarian Writers). In 1932 a collection of poems “Winners” appeared, glorifying the labor romance of the first five-year plan. The next collection “The Last Night” included the poems “The Man of the Suburbs”, “Death of the Young Pioneer”, depicting the struggle of the younger generation against the old, obsolete world. The last poem “February” (1933-34) was published posthumously, in 1936.
Bagritsky also acted as interpreter of the verses of Kupala, Bazhan, Burns, Rimbaud. Together with N. Dementiev translated into Russian a book of poems by the Turkish poet Nazim Hikmet.
E. Bagritsky died on February 16, 1934 in Moscow.
A short biography from the book: Russian writers and poets. A short biographical dictionary. Moscow, 2000.