Biography Defoe Daniel

(circa 1660, Criplegate, on 26.4.1731, Murfields), an English writer and publicist. He graduated from dissenter college. Participated in the uprising of the Duke of Montmouth against James II, sympathized with the coup d’état 1688-89 (the so-called “Glorious Revolution”). Literary activity began as the author of the “Experience of Projects” (1697), which implied economic and public reforms; brochures in defense of civil liberties – the press and religions; verse satire “Thoroughbred Englishman” (1701) – against aristocrats who discredited King William III of Orange as “not an Englishman”; a pamphlet in defense of tolerance, “The shortest way of dealing with dissenters” (1702), for which he was sentenced to a pillory and imprisonment. The son of his age, D.
Book D. “The Life and Work of Jonathan Wilde”...

(1725) served as the basis for one of the satirical novels of G. Fielding. From the novels of D. – “Notes of the Chevalier” (1720), “Captain Singleton” (1720), “The History of Colonel Jacques” (1722), etc., belonging to the adventure genre, are “Moll Flanders” (1722, Russian translation 1896) – about the poor girl, whom social conditions pushed to the path of prostitution and theft, and especially “Robinson Crusoe” (1719, Russian translation 1762-1764) – about an English merchant who found herself in a shipwreck on an uninhabited island and with her labor created everything necessary for life. On the example of Robinson, some bourgeois economists of the 18th and 19th centuries tried to prove that material production had originally an individual character. Criticizing the idea of ​​”


Biography Defoe Daniel