(1882 – 1967)
Burliuk David Davidovich (1882 – 1967), a poet, an artist.
Born July 9 (21 N. s.) On the farm Semiotovshchina Kharkov province in the Cossack family. The father, selling the farm, worked as a manager in different estates, so the family often moved from place to place, and Burliuk had to study in gymnasiums of different cities: Sumy, Tambov, Tver.
Since ten years he was fond of painting, in 1898 – 99 he studied at the Kazan and Odessa Art Schools. In 1902 – 05 he studied painting at the Royal Academy of Arts in Munich. Participated in art exhibitions in Russia and abroad.
In 1909 – 10 around Burliuk united young poets and artists who denied the aesthetics of symbolism. They were looking for new ways of developing poetry and art. Later they will call themselves futurists. By this time the meeting of Burliuk with Mayakovsky (since 1910 Burliuk, like Mayakovsky, is studying at the Moscow Art School of Painting and Sculpture), who called him his “real teacher”.
Burliuk’s energy, his organizational abilities and initiative helped the formation and establishment of a new poetic school. In the slap “Slap in the face of public taste” (1912), a manifesto was proclaimed, in which the call to abandon classical traditions was called (it was suggested “to throw Pushkin, Dostoevsky, Tolstoy from the Modern steamer”). Furious attacks on the collection followed, which only increased the interest of the reading public to the new school. With the participation of Burliuk, collections of “Sadok Judges” (1913), “The Dead Moon: Collection of the World’s Only Futurists, Gilei’s Poets”, “Roaring Parnassus” (1914). In addition to Burliuk, Khlebnikov, Mayakovsky, Kruchenykh, and others took a permanent part in them.
In these same years, Burliuk speaks with public lectures and lectures, advocating the principles of futurism in poetry and cubism in painting. In 1914, Burliuk and Mayakovsky were expelled from the school “for participating in public disputes.”
In 1918-19 he left for the Far East, lectured in the cities of Siberia, then lectured and held exhibitions in Harbin. Since 1920, Burliuk lived in Japan, and since 1922 – in the United States of America. He continued to study painting and literature, and published the journal Color and Rhyme. In 1956 Burliuk came to the Soviet Union. He died in the United States on January 15, 1967.
A brief biography from the book: Russian writers and poets. A short biographical dictionary. Moscow, 2000.