(1829 – 1890)
Danilevsky Grigory Petrovich (1829 – 1890), prose writer, publicist.
Born April 14 (26 N. s.) In the village of Danilovka Kharkov province in the family of a rich Ukrainian landowner. Early lost his father, was brought up by his mother, Ekaterina Kupchinova, an educated woman, a talented musician. At the age of twelve, he was admitted to the Moscow Nobility Institute, the humanitarian direction of which contributed to the development of the literary abilities of the future writer. In 1846 he graduated from the Institute and entered the University of St. Petersburg for the departmental department of the Faculty of Law, he studied economics and natural sciences, leaving literary pursuits.
In 1850 he graduated from the university and for seven years is in the service in the Ministry of Public Education. He traveled extensively in various provinces, while studying the history and ethnography of Russia. Impressions from the trips will be reflected in his work.
Danilevsky actively visits the literary salons of Moscow and St. Petersburg, gets acquainted with a variety of writers and publishers. Of particular importance to Danilevsky was his acquaintance with Gogol, whom he idolized. Appeals to the Ukrainian national culture, explores the life and work of the poet and philosopher of the XVIII century G. Skovoroda, writes on these topics of the article. Finally he leaves the service in Petersburg and leaves for home.
In 1857 he married Yury Zamyatina, the daughter of a local landowner. Working elected from the nobility (in preparation for reform) to the Committee to improve the life of the peasants, receiving a wealth of material about the life of the serfs and their relationship with the landlord. Appears his story “Sorokopanovka” (1859), an essay “The Pennsylvanians and the Carolinians” (1860).
In 1862 and 1863 in the magazine “Time” published novels Danilevsky “Runaway in the New Russia” and “Will” ( “Runaway Gate”), which brought him wide literary fame. In 1869 Danilevsky returned to St. Petersburg, became a member of the Press Council and the editor of the official newspaper “The Government Bulletin”. He rose to the rank of secret counselor. Since the end of the 1870s, it has been turning entirely to the themes of Russian history. In 1888 – 89 wrote the novel “Black Year” (“Pugachevshchina”). Best known for his historical novels, “Mirovich” (1879), “Princess Tarakanov” (1883), “Burning of Moscow” (1886).
Danilevsky died on December 6 (18 N. p.) In 1890 in St. Petersburg. He was buried in the village Prishib of the Kharkov province.
A short biography from the book: Russian writers and poets. A short biographical dictionary. Moscow, 2000.