(16.01.1923 – December 15, 1994)
Chichibabin (after his stepfather Polushin) Boris Alekseevich (16.01.1923, Kremenchug – 15.12.1994, Kharkiv). In the dictionary of V. Kazak and in the dictionary “Russian writers of the 20th century” (M., 2000) the date of birth is indicated on January 9. In his life he bore the surname of his stepfather – AE Polushin, but as a poet he was printed under the name of his mother. In 1942 he was drafted into the army. He served in the air districts of the Transcaucasian district. In 1940 he entered the history department of Kharkov University. When the war began, the stepfather took his stepson to Bataisk, where he arranged him as a turner in aircraft repair shops. In 1945 he entered the faculty of the Kharkov University. A year later he was arrested (the chekists did not like the ironic verses of the student “My Mother Posadnitsa”) and was sentenced to five years in the camps. The term served in Vyatlag. He left for freedom in 1951. Graduated in 1953 accounting courses. One time he worked in the Kharkov tram-trolleybus park. The first publication of poems in the journal “Banner” in 1958 is due to Boris Slutsky. The first collection Molodost published in 1963 in
Moscow. Later, in 1971 Chichibabin confessed to G. Pomerants and Z. Mirkina: “I experienced the panel completely, and without any justifying motives, because it was sold with pleasure and ecstasy: after all, I had four disgusting books.” In 1968, he again fell into disgrace: first in Kharkov the authorities closed the ledstudio led by him, and five years later the Lithuanian functionaries insisted on the expulsion of the poet from the ranks of the Writers’ Union of the USSR (for the poems “In Memory of Tvardovsky”, “Solzhenitsyn”, “Galich” and “With Ukraine in the blood I live on the land of Ukraine “). On the pages of the press came back only in 1987. Alexander Mezhirov believed that Chichibabin – a brilliant graphomaniac. Another opinion was that of Yuri Kuznetsov. He believed that the special linguistic atmosphere of Kharkov did not have the best influence on Chichibabin. Kuznetsov said: ” In Kharkov the Russian element is liquefied. There is a very depleted Russian language, there is no density. This is what distinguishes the poems of Chichibabin, they are literary literary. “(Literary Russia, 2003, April 11.) Laureate of the State Prize of the USSR (1990) for the collection of Bells.