(1910 – 1975)
Berggolts Olga Fedorovna (1910 – 1975), a poet, a prose writer.
She was born on May 3 (16th century) in St. Petersburg in the family of a doctor. Childhood years passed on the outskirts of the Nevskaya Zastava. In the 1920s she grew up and studied at the labor school. In 1925, she joined the literary association of working young people, Smena, where she met Boris Kornilov (her first husband), whom she later studied at the Higher Courses at the Institute of Art History. Teachers such as Tynyanov, Eikhenbaum, Shklovsky, teachers such as Bagritsky, Mayakovsky, and I. Utkin taught there.
After graduating from the Leningrad University’s Philological Faculty in 1930, he left for Kazakhstan, working as a correspondent for the newspaper Sovetskaya Steppe, as described in the book “The Depths” (1932). Returning to Leningrad, she worked as an editor in the newspaper Elektrosila. In 1933 – 35 published books: essays “Years of Assault”, a collection of short stories “Night in the New World.” the collection of “Poems”, from which the poetic fame of Berggolz begins.
At the beginning of 1937 she was arrested on charges of “in connection with the enemies of the people”, in 1939 she was released and fully rehabilitated.
During the Patriotic War, while remaining in besieged Leningrad, she worked on radio, almost daily turning to the heroic city. At that time she created her best poems dedicated to the defenders of Leningrad: “
After the war, the book “Says Leningrad” is published about work on the radio during the war. She wrote a play “They lived in Leningrad,” staged at A. Tairov’s theater. In 1952 – a cycle of poems about Stalin-hail. After a trip to liberated Sevastopol, she created the tragedy “Loyalty” (1954). A new stage in Berggolz’s work was the prosaic book “Day Stars” (1959), which makes it possible to understand and feel the “biography of the century”, the destiny of the generation.
In the 1960s, poetry collections were published: “Knot”, “Test”, in the 1970s – “Fidelity”, “Memory”. O. Berggolts died in Leningrad in 1975.
A brief biography from the book: Russian writers and poets. A short biographical dictionary. Moscow, 2000.