(1894 – 1940)
Russian Soviet writer. July 1, 1894 was born in Odessa in the family of a Jewish trader. The first stories were published in the journal “Letopis”. Then, on the advice of M. Gorky, he “went into the people” and changed several professions. Chiefs in the Soviet bodies, work from October 1917 to Cheka.
In 1920 he was a soldier and political worker of the Horse Army.
In 1924 he published a number of short stories. In 1924, in the October magazine in the journal Budyonny, the commander announced that the stories about Konarmia were “stinking Babe-Babel piquancy” and “the degenerate from literature” Babel spits the artistic saliva of the class hatred of the “red heroes.” Gorky stood up for Babel, compared him with Gogol, placing Babel’s Cossacks higher than Gogol’s.
1926 – cycles of the collections “Konarmiya”. Narrating the fighters and commanders of the Cavalry Army, Babel draws, alongside the genuine defenders of the revolution, anarchically minded Cossack freedom, where the hero-narrator, an intelligent youth, for whom the civil war was the school of courage and revolutionary self-awareness looks alien. Criticism of those years, paying tribute to the talent and significance of the work of Babel, reproached him for naturalism.
1928 – Babel published the play “Sunset” (staged in the 2-nd Moscow Art Theater).
1931 – “Odessa stories”. In “Odessa stories” Babel draws the life of the pre-revolutionary Jewish poor, finding in the everyday life of craftsmen and small traders exotic features and strong characters.
1935 – the play “Maria”. Babel also owns several scenarios. Master of a short story, Babel tends to laconism and accuracy, combining in the images of his characters, plot collisions and descriptions of a huge temperament with outward dispassion. The flowery, metaphorically overloaded language of his early stories is later replaced by a strict and restrained narrative manner. Babel’s work has received wide recognition, his books have been translated into many foreign languages.
On February 1, 1937, the Literary Gazette gave Babel’s article “Lies, Betrayal and Smerdyakovism” – about the second Moscow trial, the language of the judicial report, which is “irrefutable and accurate,” about the people sitting in the dock, who ” wanted to sell the world’s first working state to fascism, the military, to bankers, to the most disgusting and unjust manifestations of material power on earth. ”
In the spring of ’38 he moved to his own dacha.
On May 15, 1939, he was arrested, and nine months later, in January, he was shot as an “enemy of the people.”