(1840 – 1893)
Apukhtin Alexey Nikolaevich (1840 – 1893), the poet. Born November 15 (27 N. p.) In the city of Volkhov, Orel province in a wealthy noble family. His childhood was spent in the village of Pavlodar, in the family estate of his father.
In 1852 he entered the St. Petersburg School of Jurisprudence, which he graduated in 1859. In college he began to write poetry, the first of which were published in 1854, when he was 14 years old. The young author was noticed, and he was expected to have a great poetic future.
In 1859, the journal Sovremennik published a series of small lyrical poems “Village Sketches,” reflecting the civil mood of Apukhtin, which partly arose under the influence of non-Krasovskaya poetry. After 1862, he moved away from literary activity, motivating it with a desire to remain outside the political struggle, aside from any literary or political parties. He went to the provinces, he served in the Orel province as an official for special assignments under the governor. In 1865 he read two public lectures on the life and work of A. Pushkin, which was an event in the cultural life of the city.
In the same year he returned to St. Petersburg. The poet is working more and more hard to find his own way in poetry. The most famous for him were romances. Using all the traditions of a love, gypsy romance, he introduced into this genre a lot of his own artistic temperament. Many of the songs were put on music by P. Tchaikovsky and other famous composers (“Forget So Soon,” “Whether Day Reigns,” “Nights of the Mad,” etc.). In 1886, after the publication of the collection Poems, his poetic fame was finally consolidated.
In 1890, prosaic works were written – “The unfinished story,” “Countess D.’s archive,” “The Diary of Pavlik Dolsky,” published posthumously. Prose of Apukhtin was highly appreciated by M. A. Bulgakov. Apukhtin died on August 17 (29 N. s.) In St. Petersburg.