(Aldridge) James (born 10.7.1918, White Hills, Victoria, Australia), an English writer and public figure. He studied at the Melbourne College of Commerce. In 1938 he moved to England. The work of a journalist and military correspondent who visited many fronts of the Second World War of 1939-45 became for O. the school of life experience and skill. His feature stories (“Song of the Caucasus”, 1942) and novels (The Case of Honor, 1942, Russian translation 1947, The Sea Eagle, 1944, Russian translation 1945), a cycle of short stories (the book “About many people “, 1946) reflected the heroism of the People’s Resistance and the changes that led to a worldwide historical victory over fascism. O. responds vividly to the troubling problems of time, fighting for peace and relaxation of international tension (the novel “Diplomat”, 1949, Russian translation 1952, Gold Medal of Peace, 1953), appears as an artist in support of the national liberation struggle of the oppressed peoples (“Heroes of the Desert Horizons”, 1954, “I Do not Want Him to Die”, 1957, The Last Exile, 1961, Russian translation, 1963). The writer is attracted by the fate of a common man, who in dramatic circumstances defeats despair (“The Hunter”, 1950).
Through all of O.’s creative work the theme of the Soviet Union passes. He clearly sees the complex process of the acute ideological struggle between the world of capitalism and socialism, which responds in the minds of people (the diology “The son of a stranger land”, 1962, “The Dangerous Game”, 1966, Russian translation, 1969). The book “Cairo”, the cycle of Australian novels (“The boy from the forest shore”, “The victory of the boy from the forest shore”, “Papa Soroka”, etc.), the story “My brother Tom” (1966), a collection of short stories testify to the diversity of creative interests Gold and Sand “(1960), including” The Last inch “(Russian translation 1959, Soviet eponymous film, 1959),” The Shark Cage “, etc. O.’s novels gravitate towards the heroic epic genre, they realistically reflect and a complex path of personality to new horizons, and the tragedy of the individualist who lost them. Lenin Prize “For the Strengthening of Peace among Nations” (1973)