(26.09.1823 – 27.01.1886)
AKSAKOV Ivan Sergeevich (26.09.1823-27.01.1886), Russian publicist, poet and public figure. Together with his brother K. S. Aksakov and Yu. F. Samarin, he represented the so-called. “younger” Slavophiles. Son of the writer ST Aksakov. He graduated from the St. Petersburg School of Law (1838-42). On behalf of the Russian Geographical Society, he studied trade in Little Russia and wrote the “Study on Trade at Ukrainian Fairs” (1858). Served (1855) as a volunteer in the militia during the Crimean War. In 1858 – 78 played a leading role in the Moscow Slavic Committee. During the Russo-Turkish War of 1877 – 78 organized a campaign in support of the southern Slavs and gained immense popularity. For the speech of Aksakov in the Slavic committee during the Berlin Congress of 1878, which contained a sharp criticism of the tsarist diplomacy, was expelled from Moscow, and the Slavic committee was closed. In the 1870s-80s, Aksakov was connected with banks, he was the chairman of the board of the Moscow Society of Mutual Credit. Edited Slavophile publications: “The Moscow collection” (
1840-50s), the magazine Russian Talk, the newspaper Parus, The Day (1861-65), Moscow (1867-68), Rus (1880-86).
IS Aksakov stood on solid Orthodox-monarchical positions, defending the inviolability of Russian national foundations, traditions and ideals. He advocated the community-art “people’s production” against the planting of Western economic forms. He believed that the foundation of the spiritual revival of mankind could be the union of the Slavic peoples under the leadership of the Russian people.